Severity: Critical Alert

Exit/Entry: Authorities in Madagascar extend health state of emergency until Aug. 11 due to COVID-19 activity. Other restrictions eased slightly.

  • Alert Begins: 27 Jul 2020 01:00 PM UTC
  • Alert Expires: 11 Aug 2020 11:59 PM UTC
  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Travel and business restrictions

Summary
Authorities in Madagascar have extended the health state of emergency to at least Aug. 11 in an effort to curb the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). However, some restrictions have been eased, permitting businesses to reopen, providing that social distancing and sanitization requirements are followed. Businesses may operate until 1300 daily, providing that transportation is provided to employees. Neighborhood markets are permitted to open during the morning. Public transport remains suspended, and no one is permitted to enter or leave the Analamanga region. In Tamatave I, Tamatave II, Moramanga, and Fenerive Est, working hours are extended until 1700 and public transport can operate until 1900. Specific measures for the rest of the territory will be determined in the coming days based on the severity of the virus in those areas. Restrictions remaining in place as of July 15 include:

 

  • All land, sea, and air borders remain closed. Cargo and humanitarian flights will be allowed to continue.

 

  • In Tamatave, Moramanga, and Fenerive-Est, a daily curfew is in effect 2200-0400.

 

  • Protective face coverings must be worn in public nationwide.

 

  • Gatherings of more than 50 people are banned nationwide.

 

  • All schools and universities remain closed.

 


Additional restrictions and further extensions to prevent the spread of COVID-19 are likely in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
Madagascar has enforced and relaxed several measures in recent months to contain the spread of COVID-19. Authorities are likely to continue to reintroduce sporadic, highly targeted measures in response to local COVID-19 outbreaks. Such measures could apply to regions, cities, neighborhoods, or specific facilities.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance, particularly if traveling outside of the Analamanga Region. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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