Severity: Critical Alert

Exit/Entry: Authorities in Madagascar extend health state of emergency through Oct. 4 to stem spread of COVID-19. Other restrictions in place.

Alert Begins 20 Sep 2020 07:53 PM UTC
Alert Expires 15 Oct 2020 11:59 PM UTC

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Travel and business restrictions

Authorities in Madagascar have extended the health state of emergency through Oct. 4 as part of the nation's efforts to slow the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Authorities previously lifted several COVID-19 restrictions and measures, Sept. 7. Certain measures were lifted in a trial period through Sept. 22 before assessing further containment measures.

Other measures that remain in effect include:


  • In the Analamanga, Alaotra Mangoro, Diana, Sava, and Vakinankaratra regions, places of worship are permitted to accommodate 100 people. Cultural and sporting events in these regions are also permitted 100 people per gathering.


  • Bars, restaurants, movie theaters, and other recreational businesses are permitted to open until 2200 nationwide.


  • Barrier measures, including the use of a protective facemask, are required in public spaces.


  • In Antananarivo, private taxis are now permitted to operate until 2100.


  • In the Analamanga, Diana, Sava, and Boeny regions, a curfew is in place between 2300-0400.


  • Land borders between Analamanga and Atsimo Andrefana reopened from Sept. 11.


  • Transport between Analamanga and Bongolavawill resumed from Sept. 12.


  • Transport between Analamanga and Boeny, Sofia, Atsimo, Atsinana, Aloatra Mongoro, Vatovavy Fitovinany, Menabe, Melaky, and Anosy regions resumed permitted from Sept. 15. However, transport between Analamanga, Diana, and Sava remain suspended until further notice.


  • Schools will be permitted to reopen from Oct. 26 and tertiary education institutions from Nov. 2.


All sea and air borders remain suspended until further notice; however, cargo and humanitarian flights are operational. Authorities have announced that international travel to Antsiranana, Toamasina, and Antananarivo could reopen October-December. Authorities have also stated that tourist activity can resume on the island of Nosy Be from Oct. 1. A negative COVID-19 test is required upon arrival and departure. Travelers will not be allowed to travel to other areas of the country. Authorities could change COVID-19 restrictions with little to no notice.

Background and Analysis
Madagascar has enforced and relaxed several measures in recent months to contain the spread of COVID-19. Authorities are likely to continue to reintroduce sporadic, highly targeted measures in response to local COVID-19 outbreaks. Such measures could apply to regions, cities, neighborhoods, or specific facilities.

Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance, particularly if traveling outside of the Analamanga Region. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

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