Severity: Critical Alert
Entry/Exit: Madagascar authorities continue easing restrictive measures in Analamanga, Matsiatra Ambony, and Toamasina as of April 30.
This alert affects Madagascar
This alert began 30 Apr 2020 11:13 GMT and is scheduled to expire 07 May 2020 23:59 GMT.
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Madagascar (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: International flight ban, transportation and business disruptions; possible freight delays
Authorities in Madagascar continue the easing of restrictive measures in several areas of the country as of April 30; authorities began to ease restrictions April 20. Affected areas include the Analamanga (including Antananarivo) and Matsiatra Ambony regions, and the city of Toamasina. Movement restrictions are lifted 0600-1300 daily until further notice. Markets, bars, and restaurants have been allowed to operate, and limited government and official services have resumed. Some public transport services have resumed in Antananarivo, Fianarantsoa, and Toamasina during this time; however, intercity travel is still prohibited. Some schools have reopened. Outside the aforementioned areas, in the rest of the country, a 2100-0400 curfew remain in place.
Other restrictive measures remain in place:
- International passenger air travel remains suspended indefinitely.
- Gatherings of more than 50 people are prohibited.
- People are required to wear a face mask at all times when in public spaces. Those who do not wear face masks will be assigned to undertake community services.
Security personnel are deployed to enforce ongoing measures. Additional restrictions may be implemented or eased in the coming days.
Background and Analysis
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. The WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic March 11.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.