Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Luxembourg continues easing certain COVID-related restrictions. Borders with Germany reopen from May 16.

This alert affects Luxembourg

This alert began 17 May 2020 19:52 GMT and is scheduled to expire 06 Jun 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Event: COVID-related restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Travel and business disruptions

Summary
Authorities in Luxembourg are continuing to implement Phase II of the nation's coronavirus (COVID-19) recovery plan. Initially launched on May 11, Phase II enables most shops to reopen; museums, libraries, and national archives may also resume operations. Moreover, Luxembourg's borders with Germany reopened completely as of May 16; borders with France and Belgium remain open, albeit restricted to those with essential reasons for crossing, such as cross-border workers, freight transporters, health workers, and diplomats. Borders with Belgium are expected to fully reopen from June 8.

The government has also eased restrictions on gatherings, allowing outdoor public gatherings of up to 20 people. Social visits of up to six people in addition to members of the host household are also allowed.

Phase III is currently slated to begin on 25 May when primary schools, kindergartens, and childcare facilities are expected to reopen. The further easing of restrictions will be contingent on no major increase in the rate of COVID-19 infection. Restrictive measures could be reintroduced over the course of the plan if disease activity rises.

The following measures remain in place indefinitely in Luxembourg:

  • Restaurants and bars remain closed until at least June 1.
  • Public transport is severely reduced.
  • Face masks are mandatory in situations where social distancing cannot be followed.
  • Resident permits for all non-EU nationals are extended for the duration of the crisis.
  • Nonessential travel abroad is discouraged.


Any restrictions may be extended or otherwise amended with little to no advance notice over the coming days, depending on disease activity in the country.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by Luxembourg are similar to actions taken by other regional governments in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Carry proper identification documents to present at security checks. Heed all official advisories and remain nonconfrontational if stopped by authorities. Consider delaying travel if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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