Severity: Critical Alert
Entry/Exit: Authorities in Kyrgyzstan extend state of emergency in Bishkek and several other cities and districts until May 10 to combat COVID-19.
This alert affects Kyrgyzstan
This alert began 28 Apr 2020 12:55 GMT and is scheduled to expire 10 May 2020 23:59 GMT.
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions, heightened security
Authorities in Kyrgyzstan have extended a state of emergency in several locations until May 10 in order to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The locations include the cities of Bishkek, Osh, and Jalal-Abad, and the At-Bashy district in Naryn Region. A 2000-0700 curfew will continue in all affected areas; the movement of residents and vehicles is prohibited during this period. Healthcare workers, emergency service personnel, and public utility workers are exempt from the curfew restrictions. A previously announced state of emergency in Naryn city, Nookat and Kara-Suu disticts in Osh Region, and Suzak district in Jalal-Abad Region will expire 2359 April 30.
Authorities previously introduced a number of other measures over and above those announced in the extended state of emergency. Nationwide internal movement restrictions have been imposed; residents may not travel outside their village or district without a permit or in the absence of an emergency. Police roadblocks have been established on intercity and regional roads. In Bishkek, Osh, and Jalal-Abad approach roads to the cities have been closed and police checkpoints erected within the city limits. Public transport services in Bishkek, Osh, and Jalal-Abad have been heavily reduced as of March 24. All government offices, except emergency services and public utility services, are closed. The measures do not restrict the movement of public utility vehicles or vehicles carrying essential goods, such as food and medicine.
As of March 17, all nonresident foreign nationals are indefinitely barred from entering the country via all ports of entry, including overland border crossings and airports. Kyrgyz citizens and foreign nationals can leave the country. Freight traffic remains unrestricted. Kyrgyz nationals returning from countries with elevated disease activity will be placed in a mandatory quarantine facility for 14 days. Affected countries include but are not limited to: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Iran, Norway, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Netherlands, the UK, and the US. Restaurants and cafes with a capacity of over 50 people remain closed. All education facilities, entertainment venues, shopping malls, theatres, and cinemas are closed for the duration of the state of emergency. Public gatherings are indefinitely banned.
Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.