Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: Jordan to close public markets, restaurants, cafes, places of worship, and schools Sept. 17-Oct. 1 due to an increase in COVID-19 activity.
Alert Begins 15 Sep 2020 03:00 AM UTC
Alert Expires 31 Oct 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: Restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Business and travel disruptions
Authorities in Jordan announced a series of new restrictions as part of the kingdom’s efforts to curb the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) following a surge in cases. Public markets, restaurants, cafes, places of worship, and schools nationwide will remain closed Sept. 17 – Oct. 1. However, restaurants and cafes will be permitted to offer delivery and take-out services for the duration of the measure. Weddings, funerals, and other social gatherings will remain banned. Authorities announced that they would strictly enforce the ban due to increased disease activity; violators may be subject to a 14-day detention.
Authorities previously implemented a nationwide nightly curfew from Sept. 9. The curfew hours are 0100-0600 for individuals and 0001-0600 for businesses. All nonessential movement remains prohibited during curfew hours. Medical workers and other essential personnel are exempt from the curfew. Across the country, residents must wear protective face coverings and gloves while in public places; violators may be subject to fines. Authorities are monitoring the epidemiological situation throughout Jordan and will continue to enact localized lockdowns on locations with increased COVID-19 activity.
The Jordanian government is using a three-tier color-coded system for classifying foreign countries according to COVID-19 activity following the resumption of international commercial flights at Queen Alia International Airport (AMM) Sept. 8. Under the new system, the green designation denotes that a country has low disease activity; yellow and red designations indicate moderate and high activity, respectively. Instructions for travelers vary according to the classification of their country of origin. Authorities plan to re-evaluate the COVID-19 activity levels and update country classifications every two weeks. The list of country classifications is as follows:
- Green: Canada, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Lithuania, Malaysia, Morocco, Poland, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, and Tunisia
- Yellow: Algeria, Austria, Germany, Italy, Malta, the Netherlands, and the United Arab Emirates
- Red: Bahrain, Belgium, France, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Spain, the UK, Ukraine, the US, Egypt, Sudan, and Yemen
All travelers entering Jordan must present proof of having tested negative for COVID-19 no more than 72 hours before their scheduled flight and entering Jordan, as well as proof that they spent the 14 days prior to travel in the country from which they are departing. Travelers will be tested again at their own expense upon arrival in Jordan. Travelers arriving from "green" countries must self-quarantine at their residence or in their accommodations for one week. Those arriving from "yellow" countries will be transferred to a government-run quarantine facility for one week, with another COVID-19 test being conducted on the fifth or sixth day of quarantine. Those testing negative will be released but must self-quarantine at their residence or accommodations for an additional week. Travelers arriving from "red" countries will undergo the same procedures as those from yellow countries; however, they will be required to wear an electronic bracelet during the home quarantine period. Travelers who test positive or who fail to present the requisite negative COVID-19 test result upon arrival will be quarantined at a government-run facility for two weeks. These measures apply all persons arriving in the country, including those entering at land border crossings.
Domestically, nonessential travel between governorates is now permitted. Hotels, restaurants, and tourist sites nationwide have resumed operations. Sporting events have also resumed; however, spectators are not permitted. Mosques, churches, and other houses of worship are open for prayer. Public transportation is running but is restricted to operating at 50-percent capacity. Residents over the age of 70 and persons with chronic illnesses are not allowed to travel.
Authorities could reimpose, extend, further ease, or otherwise amend any restrictions with little-to-no notice depending on disease activity over the coming weeks.
Background and Analysis
Jordan's travel restrictions and preventive measures are similar to those taken by other governments globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.
Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.