Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Jordanian authorities to permit vehicular travel nationwide between 0800-1800 beginning April 29. Other restrictions apply.

This alert affects Jordan

This alert began 28 Apr 2020 23:18 GMT and is scheduled to expire 28 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Event: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Business and travel disruptions

Summary
Jordanian authorities will further ease restrictions related to coronavirus disease (COVID-19) beginning April 29. Residents nationwide will be permitted to drive private vehicles between 0800-1800 to attend to essential needs. However, vehicle use will be restricted based on the last digit of the license plate number. Vehicles with license plates ending in odd numbers may be on the road on alternating days starting April 29; vehicles with license plates ending in even numbers or zero may be driven on alternating days beginning April 30. It remains unclear how long the restriction will remain in effect. This measure does not apply to residents of Aqaba, Karak, Tafilah, and Ma'an governorates who may use vehicles regardless of their license plate numbers between 1000-1800. Vehicles are limited to two people. Travel between governorates remains banned except for permit holders.

Public transportation and taxi services will also resume from April 29. However, face masks and gloves will be mandatory, and the number of passengers will be restricted depending on the size of the vehicle to comply with social distancing measures. Furthermore, law firms will be permitted to reopen nationwide as part of a gradual COVID-19 recovery plan. Barbershops, hair salons, laundries, shoe repair shops, dry cleaning services, flower shops, financial auditors, and accountants were permitted to resume work April 27. Previously, businesses selling electronics, construction services, furniture, clothes, and books were permitted to reopen April 20 at reduced capacity.

Additionally, the government plans to ease curfew restrictions in Madaba, Jerash, and Ajloun governorates beginning April 29. Authorities previously eased curfew restrictions in Mafraq, Karak, Tafilah, Ma'an, Irbid and Aqaba governorates. Commercial facilities and businesses in these governorates are permitted to resume daily operations between 0800-1800. An indefinite nationwide curfew has been in effect in all remaining governorates since March 21. Residents aged 16-60 years are permitted to shop for necessities at local stores, including groceries, bakeries, and pharmacies, from 1000-1800. The Jordanian army has deployed at entrances and exits of main cities to enforce the restrictions.

Jordanian authorities have extended the closure of nonessential government ministries and institutions until the end of Ramadan May 23 to stem the spread of COVID-19. Essential service providers in the public and private sectors, such as those relating to healthcare, energy, and banking, will continue to operate but with reduced staff numbers. Jordan's borders and airports remain closed until at least the end of Ramadan. The closure, which originally went into effect March 17, affects all inbound and outbound international passenger flights, as well as land and sea borders. The measure does not apply to cargo flights or ground freight transport. Universities, schools, places of worship, and gyms remain closed nationwide. Gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited.

Background and Analysis
Jordan's travel restrictions and preventive measures are stricter than actions other governments are taking globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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