Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: Jordan bans gatherings exceeding 20 people due to coronavirus. Markets, restaurants, places of worships, and schools closed Sept. 17-Oct. 1.
Alert Begins 17 Sep 2020 10:57 PM UTC
Alert Expires 31 Oct 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: Restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Business and travel disruptions
On Sept. 17, authorities in Jordan implemented coronavirus disease (COVID-19) restrictions related to gatherings. Per the most recent orders, weddings, funerals, and other social gatherings are limited to 20 people. Participants of such events are required to wear protective face coverings and abide by social distancing precautions. Authorities announced that they would strictly enforce the gathering limits due to increased COVID-19 activity; Organizers of gatherings exceeding 20 people may be subject to fines and/or imprisonment of up to one year.
Authorities previously announced a series of other COVID-19 following a surge in cases. Public markets, restaurants, cafes, places of worship, and schools nationwide are closed from Sept. 17 – Oct. 1. However, restaurants and cafes are permitted to offer delivery and take-out services for the duration of the measure. Authorities implemented a nationwide nightly curfew. The curfew hours are 0100-0600 for individuals and 0001-0600 for businesses. All nonessential movement remains prohibited during curfew hours. Medical workers and other essential personnel are exempt from the curfew.
On Sept. 15, authorities provided an updated list of country classifications for flight arrivals to the Kingdom according to the originating country's COVID-19 activity levels. The government is using a three-tier color-coded system for classifying foreign countries according to COVID-19 activity following the resumption of international commercial flights at Queen Alia International Airport (AMM) on Sept. 8. Under the system, the green designation denotes that a country has low disease activity; yellow and red designations indicate moderate and high activity, respectively. Entry requirments for travelers varies according to the classification of their country of origin. Authorities plan to re-evaluate the COVID-19 activity levels and update country classifications every two weeks. The list of country classifications is as follows:
- Green: Algeria, Austria, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Malaysia, Poland, Thailand, Tunisia and Turkey.
- Yellow: Egypt, Malta, Morocco, the Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland, the United Arab Emirates, the UK, Sudan, Syria and Yemen.
- Red: Bahrain, Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Iraq, Israel, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Palestinian Territories, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Spain, Ukraine, and the US.
All travelers entering Jordan must present proof of having tested negative for COVID-19 no more than five days before their scheduled flight, as well as proof that they spent the 14 days prior to travel in the country from which they are departing. Travelers will be tested again at their own expense upon arrival in Jordan. Travelers arriving from "green" countries must self-quarantine at their residence or in their accommodations for one week. Those arriving from "yellow" countries will be transferred to a government-run quarantine facility for one week, with another COVID-19 test being conducted on the fifth or sixth day of quarantine. Those testing negative will be released but must self-quarantine at their residence or accommodations for an additional week. Travelers arriving from "red" countries will undergo the same procedures as those from yellow countries; however, they will be required to wear an electronic bracelet during the home quarantine period. Travelers who test positive or who fail to present the requisite negative COVID-19 test result upon arrival will be quarantined at a government-run facility for two weeks. These measures apply all persons arriving in the country, including those entering at land border crossings.
Domestically, nonessential travel between governorates is now permitted. Hotels, restaurants, and tourist sites nationwide have resumed operations. Sporting events have also resumed; however, spectators are not permitted. Mosques, churches, and other houses of worship are open for prayer. Public transportation is running but is restricted to operating at 50-percent capacity. Residents over the age of 70 and persons with chronic illnesses are not allowed to travel.
Across the country, residents must wear protective face coverings and gloves while in public places; violators may be subject to fines. Authorities are monitoring the epidemiological situation throughout Jordan and will continue to enact localized lockdowns on locations with increased COVID-19 activity. Authorities could reimpose, extend, further ease, or otherwise amend any restrictions with little-to-no notice depending on disease activity over the coming weeks.
Background and Analysis
Jordan's travel restrictions and preventive measures are similar to those taken by other governments globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.
Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.