Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Jordanian authorities announce May 5 extension of 1800-0800 nightly curfew and 24-hour weekend curfews until further notice.

This alert affects Jordan

This alert began 05 May 2020 21:39 GMT and is scheduled to expire 05 Jun 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Business and travel disruptions

Summary
Authorities announced May 5 that Jordan will continue to impose an 1800-0800 nightly curfew as well as a comprehensive 24-hour per day curfew on weekends until further notice as part of the country's efforts to combat coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Medical personnel and other essential workers are exempt from the curfews, which will remain in place as a precautionary measure even after the containment of COVID-19 and the resumption of normal business activity.

Jordanian authorities previously announced they would lift all restrictions on the economic sector beginning May 6, following a decrease in COVID-19 cases. Some businesses have been permitted to reopen over prior weeks as part of a gradual COVID-19 recovery plan. However, schools, universities, places of worship, and other gathering places will remain closed through at least the month of Ramadan (April 23-May 24). Officials will also allow public transportation to resume full operations with restrictions on the number of passengers. Travel between governorates remains banned. Residents are required to wear face masks and gloves in public.

Authorities will also ease driving restrictions from May 10. Currently, residents nationwide are only permitted to drive private vehicles between 0800-1800 to attend to essential needs, with vehicle use restricted based on the last digit of the license plate number. Vehicles with license plates ending in odd numbers are allowed to be on the road on alternating days starting April 29; vehicles with license plates ending in even numbers or zero can be driven on alternating days beginning April 30. This measure does not apply to residents of Aqaba, Karak, Tafilah, and Ma'an governorates, who can use vehicles regardless of their license plate numbers between 1000-1800. Vehicles are limited to two people.

Jordanian authorities have extended the closure of nonessential government ministries and institutions until the end of Ramadan May 23. Essential service providers in the public and private sectors, such as those relating to healthcare, energy, and banking, will continue to operate but with reduced staff numbers. Jordan's borders and airports remain closed until at least the end of Ramadan. The closure, which went into effect March 17, affects all inbound and outbound international passenger flights, as well as land and sea borders. The measure does not apply to cargo flights or ground freight transport. Gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited.

Background and Analysis
Jordan's travel restrictions and preventive measures are stricter than actions other governments are taking globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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