Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Indonesian officials maintaining social distancing measures and transport restrictions in some areas as of May 20 due to COVID-19.

This alert affects Indonesia

This alert began 20 May 2020 09:05 GMT and is scheduled to expire 04 Jun 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Transport and business disruptions; possible quarantine measures

Summary
Authorities continue to implement social distancing measures and transport restrictions in several localities to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as of May 20. Regional governments in areas with significant COVID-19 activity can apply to the central authorities to enact social distancing measures, which are extendable between two to four weeks at a time. While measures vary by location, basic restrictions in these areas include suspending schools, reducing the allowed passenger capacity of public transport vehicles, and closing most workplaces, except for some essential sectors like medical and food supplies. A nationwide public health emergency declaration remains in effect through May 29.

Social distancing restrictions are in place in the following areas, among others:

  • Jakarta: Officials have extended restrictions through June 4. Authorities continue to ban gatherings of more than five people and limit operating hours of public transport to 0600-1800. Ride-hailing services can only deliver goods.
  • Bandung, West Java Province: Measures are in place through May 29. Officials have set up 17 checkpoints throughout the city to inspect vehicles and passengers.
  • Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan Province: Authorities will maintain measures through May 21. A 2100-0600 nightly curfew is in place. Officials have capped public gatherings at five people and erected checkpoints at the entrances into the city to inspect the health of passengers.
  • Bekasi, Bogor, and Depok, West Java Province: Officials will implement measures across the region, which includes Bekasi, Bogor, and Depok cities, as well as Bekasi and Bogor regencies, through May 26. Authorities have required workers who can still work on-site to bring their identification card, company letter, and a document stating they have tested negative from COVID-19.
  • Gorontalo Province: Authorities have extended restrictions through May 31 and are implementing a 1700-0600 curfew.
  • Greater Malang, East Java Province: Officials are implementing restrictions across the region, which includes Batu and Malang cities and Malang Regency, through May 30. Authorities have set up 10 checkpoints in Malang Regency. A 2100-0400 nightly curfew remains in place in Malang city and Malang Regency.
  • Greater Surabaya, East Java Province: Measures are in place through May 25 throughout the affected area, which includes Surabaya city and parts of Gresik and Sidoarjo regencies. Authorities have enforced a 2100-0400 nightly curfew and set up 17 checkpoints in Surabaya city. Ride-hailing services can operate only to deliver goods.
  • Greater Tangerang, Banten Province: Restrictions are in effect through May 31. Public transport can operate only 0500-1900. The local government has set up 48 checkpoints throughout the region.
  • Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan Province: Officials will maintain restrictions through May 24. Authorities have set up checkpoints at 10 locations throughout the city and implemented a nightly 2000-0330 curfew. The local government is also limiting the operating hours of markets, such as 0330-0700 for dawntime markets (pasar subuh) and 0800-1500 for most daytime markets. Other businesses, including textile manufacturing and food establishments, can operate 0900-1900.
  • Palembang, South Sumatra Province: Authorities will implement measures through June 2. Officials are allowing offices to operate for five hours daily. Companies must also limit the use of offices to half the capacity.
  • Pekanbaru, Riau Province: Measures are in place through May 28. The local government has set up five checkpoints at the city's boundaries. A 2000-0500 nightly curfew is in effect.
  • West Sumatra Province: Measures are in place through May 29. Officials have capped public gatherings at five people and banned dining in at food establishments. Authorities have also set up 22 checkpoints in the provincial capital, Padang.


Transport restrictions are in effect only in places with social distancing restrictions or with a high number of COVID-19 cases. Areas that have yet to implement social distancing measures, despite a high number of COVID-19 cases, include Bandar Lampung city, Lampung Province, and Sorong Regency, and West Papua Province. Authorities have banned travel to and from areas with social distancing restrictions or with a high number of COVID-19 cases through May 31. Officials have also restricted the use of commercial flight, ferry, and railway services in these affected regions. Exemptions are in place for government officials, medical workers, people attending family funerals or visiting critically ill relatives, and civil servants, among others. Authorities have also made exceptions for the delivery of essential supplies and cargo shipments.

Bali Province is maintaining a state of emergency through May 29; all arrivals from outside the province will undergo 14 days of self-quarantine. Additional localities could enact similar measures in the coming weeks. A nationwide public health emergency declaration remains in effect through May 29.

International Travel Restrictions

Authorities have banned foreign nationals from entering and transiting the country. The restriction exempts permanent residents, diplomats, and transport workers. Returning travelers, regardless of nationality, that show COVID-19 symptoms will undergo quarantine at government premises. Authorities will advise all inbound passengers to self-quarantine for two weeks.

Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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