Severity: Critical Alert

Exit/Entry: Indonesia maintains COVID-19 restrictions, including large-scale social distancing measures in some areas, as of July 27.

  • Alert Begins: 27 Jul 2020 03:55 AM UTC
  • Alert Expires: 27 Aug 2020 11:59 PM UTC
  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Transport and business disruptions; possible quarantine measures

Indonesian authorities continue to implement large-scale social distancing measures, known as PSBB, in several localities as of July 27 to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Regional governments in areas with significant COVID-19 activity can apply to the central authorities to enact large-scale social distancing measures that are extendable up to four weeks. While controls vary by location, common restrictions in these areas include suspending schools and closing most workplaces, except for some essential sectors like medical and food supplies. Entry and exit restrictions are also in effect in locations implementing large-scale social distancing regulations. Exemptions are in place for government officials, medical workers, businesspeople in essential sectors, and people attending family funerals or visiting critically ill relatives, among others. A nationwide public health emergency declaration remains in effect until further notice.

Large-scale social distancing restrictions are in place in the following areas:


  • Jakarta: Restrictions are in effect through July 30. Places of worship and additional offices can reopen with precautions in place. The local government has allowed shopping malls to restart operations. Schools remain closed until further notice. Cinemas, bowling alleys, and pool halls in Jakarta are also still shut after local authorities reversed their earlier decision to allow the facilities to reopen. Officials have set up 33 checkpoints to inspect the health and official permits of passengers.


  • Ambon, Maluku Province: Officials have extended measures through Aug. 2. Authorities have set up 20 checkpoints throughout the city to ensure that passengers adhere to health protocols. People who breach regulations may receive fines ranging from IDR 50,000 (USD 3.5) to IDR 30 million (USD 2,100). Food establishments can serve dine-in customers at 50 percent of the seating capacity. Shopping centers and markets can operate until 1800 daily.


  • Bekasi, Bogor, and Depok, West Java Province: Controls are in effect across the region, which includes Bekasi, Bogor, and Depok cities and Bekasi and Bogor regencies, through Aug. 1. Officials have required workers who can still work on-site to bring their identification card, company letter, and a document stating they have tested negative for COVID-19.


  • Greater Tangerang, Banten Province: The local government has extended restrictions through Aug. 8. Trains and public buses may operate 0430-2200 with health protocols, such as requiring workers and passengers to wear face masks and take body temperatures, in place. Shopping centers can open until 2200 daily. Weddings may take place as long as attendees occupy only up to 35 percent of the venue's capacity. Organizers of weddings are barred from serving food during the events and must ensure that health protocols, such as ensuring that attendees wear face masks and observe one-meter social distancing, are in place. Officials have set up 48 checkpoints throughout the region.


Officials in some localities have lifted large-scale social distancing restrictions due to reduced COVID-19 activity and concerns of the economic impact of the measures. These areas include Gorontalo Province; Riau Province; West Sumatra Province; Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan Province; Greater Malang, East Java Province; Bandung, West Java Province; Greater Surabaya, East Java Province; Karawang, West Java Province; Makassar, South Sulawesi Province; Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan Province; and Palembang, South Sumatra Province.

Localized controls are in effect in several locations that are not enacting large-scale social distancing measures. In East Java Province, Sidoarjo Regency is closing five roads nightly 2200-0400, including the road connecting it to Surabaya city. Since July 8, South Sulawesi Province's Makassar requires people traveling to and from the city to present health certificates stating they are free from COVID-19. Bali Province has allowed residents to resume visiting tourist sites since July 9, while domestic tourists from other parts of Indonesia can visit Bali again from July 31.

The central government requires intercity land and sea travelers to produce certificates stating they have tested negative for COVID-19. Domestic air travelers need to undergo rapid testing, which indicates the likelihood of a person carrying COVID-19, though it does not definitively confirm an infection. Passengers also have to show their identification documents and download the PeduliLindungi contact tracing application. Authorities are also requiring planes and public land transport to operate with 70 percent of their capacity, while private-hire vehicles and taxis can operate with 50 percent capacity. There is no capacity limit for sea transport, though other health protocols are in place.

Travel Restrictions
Authorities continue to ban foreign nationals from entering and transiting the country, with exemptions for permanent residents, diplomats, and transport workers. Officials require inbound passengers to produce documents stating they are free from COVID-19; travelers without the certificates will undergo tests upon arrival in Indonesia and be isolated in government-designated premises until test results are released. Arrivals will also have to download the PeduliLindungi contact tracing application. Symptomatic passengers will undergo quarantine at government-designated facilities. Authorities will advise all inbound passengers to self-quarantine for 14 days.

Officials are also requiring individuals leaving Indonesia to produce certificates stating that they do not carry COVID-19. Indonesia's central and regional governments have sometimes provided conflicting information on COVID-19 restrictions in recent weeks; changes to measures may occur at short notice.

Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

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