Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Indonesian officials restrict domestic travel and ban international services from 0001 April 24. Flights suspended through at least June 1.

This alert affects Indonesia

This alert began 23 Apr 2020 16:57 GMT and is scheduled to expire 01 Jun 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Air, ferry, and ground transport disruptions, business disruptions, longer immigration wait times; possible quarantine measures

Summary
Indonesian officials have announced nationwide restrictions on air, maritime, and ground transport effective from 0001 April 24 to stop the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The order bans commercial international and domestic flights through June 1, while international ferry passenger services will be banned until June 8. Exceptions will be made for services that are repatriating Indonesian citizens and flights that facilitate the movement of specified officials. The restrictions, announced late April 23, will effectively ban the vast majority of inbound and outbound international passenger travel. Cargo shipments are exempted from the air and maritime movement controls. A nationwide public health emergency declaration remains in effect.

Ground transportation bans will be imposed from 0001 April 24 in areas under social distancing orders, including Jakarta, to prevent traditional visits to hometown areas during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Private vehicle movement to and from areas under social distancing measures is to be banned until May 31. Emergency response vehicles and vehicles carrying cargo are exempted from the bans. Railway services are also to remain banned in affected areas through June 15.

Many areas of Indonesia have introduced enhanced social distancing measures in recent days. The Jakarta city government has extended social distancing measures in the city through at least May 22. In the Jakarta metropolitan area, authorities in Bekasi, Bogor, and Depok cities, as well as Bekasi and Bogor regencies, are enacting the measures through at least April 28, while Tangerang and South Tangerang cities and Tangerang regency will implement social distancing policies through at least May 1. Officials in West Java Province's Greater Bandung area and West Sumatra Province will maintain social distancing restrictions through at least May 5, while the orders will be in effect in Makassar city, South Sulawesi Province until at least May 7. Social distancing measures are also in place through at least April 30 in Riau Province's Pekanbaru city. Local authorities in South Kalimantan Province's Banjarmasin city and North Kalimantan Province's Tarakan city have also introduced social distancing regulations.

While control measures vary somewhat by location, restrictions in areas under social distancing controls include the suspension of schools and closure of most workplaces, with an exception for some essential sectors, like those dealing with medical and food supplies. Some localities are requiring individuals to wear face masks in public areas and have imposed nighttime curfews. Security forces have deployed in areas under social distancing orders to ensure compliance with the gathering, business, and transport restrictions.

While Bali Province has not imposed social distancing measures as of April 23, it is maintaining a state of emergency through May 29; all arrivals from outside the province will undergo 14 days of self-quarantine. Additional localities will likely enact similar measures in the coming weeks.

International Travel Restrictions
Authorities have banned foreign nationals from entering and transiting the country. The restriction exempts permanent residents, diplomats, and transport workers. Returning travelers, regardless of nationality, that show COVID-19 symptoms will undergo quarantine at government premises. Authorities will advise all inbound passengers to self-quarantine for two weeks.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int