Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Indonesian officials implementing social distancing measures in some areas, including Jakarta and its surrounding regions, as of April 14.

This alert affects Indonesia

This alert began 14 Apr 2020 08:15 GMT and is scheduled to expire 05 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Entry ban, air and ground transport disruptions, business disruptions, longer immigration wait times; possible quarantine measures

Summary
The national government has allowed additional areas in the Jakarta metropolitan area to implement social distancing restrictions to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Governments in Bekasi, Bogor, and Depok cities, as well as Bekasi and Bogor regencies, will enact the measures April 15-29, while Tangerang and South Tangerang cities and Tangerang regency will implement the policies April 18-May 2. Restrictions include the continued suspension of schools and closure of most workplaces. Public and some essential sectors, like medical and food supplies, can continue operating with social distancing measures in place. Social distancing restrictions remain in place in Jakarta through at least April 24. The Jakarta government has limited gatherings to five people and reduced operating hours for public transport to 0600-1800. Movement in and out of Jakarta remains unaffected.

Elsewhere, the Pekanbaru city government plans to implement similar restrictions, though the start date of the measures is unclear. Bali Province is maintaining a state of emergency through May 29; all arrivals from outside the province will undergo 14 days of self-quarantine. Several companies and civil service offices in urban centers, such as Bandung and Balikpapan, have implemented work-from-home measures.

A nationwide public health emergency declaration remains in effect. Central government officials have also announced transport restrictions ahead of the Eid al-Fitr public holiday, May 24-25, when people nationwide travel to their hometowns. Officials will limit plane, ship, and private vehicle capacity to 50 percent, while maximum train capacity varies by distance. The central government has also banned civil servants from traveling out of the locations where they are based. Authorities may further expand control measures in the coming weeks.

Travel Restrictions

Authorities have banned foreign nationals from entering and transiting the country. The restriction exempts permanent residents, diplomats, and transport workers. Returning travelers, regardless of nationality, that show COVID-19 symptoms will undergo quarantine at government premises. Authorities will advise all inbound passengers to self-quarantine for two weeks.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int