Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Indonesian officials implementing social distancing measures in some areas, including Jakarta, as of April 20 to stem spread of COVID-19.

This alert affects Indonesia

This alert began 20 Apr 2020 09:30 GMT and is scheduled to expire 11 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Entry ban, air and ground transport disruptions, business disruptions, longer immigration wait times; possible quarantine measures

Summary
The central government continues to allow areas across the country to implement social distancing restrictions to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Officials in West Java Province's Greater Bandung area and West Sumatra Province will enact social distancing restrictions April 22-May 5, while similar measures will be in effect in Makassar city, South Sulawesi Province April 24-May 7. Restrictions include the suspension of schools and closure of most workplaces, with exception for some essential sectors, like medical and food supplies. The Jakarta government is also implementing similar restrictions through at least April 24. Officials in the capital are also limiting gatherings to five people and reducing operating hours for public transport to 0600-1800. In the Jakarta metropolitan area, authorities in Bekasi, Bogor, and Depok cities, as well as Bekasi and Bogor regencies, are enacting the measures through April 28, while Tangerang and South Tangerang cities and Tangerang regency will implement social distancing policies through May 1.

Similar restrictions are in place through April 30 in Riau Province's Pekanbaru city, which is also implementing a 2000-0500 nightly curfew. Local authorities in South Kalimantan Province's Banjarmasin city, North Kalimantan Province's Tarakan city, and parts of Greater Surabaya in East Java Province are also planning to enact social distancing restrictions, though the start date is unclear. Bali Province is maintaining a state of emergency through May 29; all arrivals from outside the province will undergo 14 days of self-quarantine. Additional localities will likely enact such measures in the coming weeks.

A nationwide public health emergency declaration remains in effect. Central government officials have also announced transport restrictions ahead of the Eid al-Fitr public holiday, May 24-25, when people nationwide travel to their hometowns. Officials will limit plane, ship, and private vehicle capacity to 50 percent, while maximum train capacity varies by distance. The central government has also banned civil servants from traveling out of the locations where they are based. Authorities may further expand control measures in the coming weeks.

Travel Restrictions

Authorities have banned foreign nationals from entering and transiting the country. The restriction exempts permanent residents, diplomats, and transport workers. Returning travelers, regardless of nationality, that show COVID-19 symptoms will undergo quarantine at government premises. Authorities will advise all inbound passengers to self-quarantine for two weeks.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int