Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Indonesian officials implementing social distancing restrictions in several areas as of April 8. Jakarta to intensify measures April 10-24.

This alert affects Indonesia

This alert began 08 Apr 2020 09:39 GMT and is scheduled to expire 23 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Entry ban, air and ground transport disruptions, longer immigration wait times; possible quarantine measures

Summary
Local officials in Jakarta will implement social distancing restrictions April 10-24 to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Authorities will close most workplaces, though public services and some essential sectors, like medical and food supplies, can continue operating with social distancing measures in place. The government will limit gatherings to five people. Public transport will operate 0600-1800 daily, but vehicles can only transport at half their capacity. Officials will also continue to suspend schools. Authorities will still allow movement in and out of Jakarta.

Indonesian authorities have declared a public health emergency and are allowing regional officials in areas with significant COVID-19 activity to implement social distancing measures. Bali Province has declared a state of emergency through May 29; all arrivals from outside the province will undergo 14 days of self-quarantine. Local authorities in South Sulawesi Province are quarantining all inbound passengers at government facilities. Although restrictions differ by location, local authorities have suspended schools for varying time frames. Several companies and civil service offices in urban centers, such as Bandung and Balikpapan, have implemented work-from-home measures. The central government has also banned civil servants from traveling out of the locations where they are based. The central and local governments may further expand the control measures in the coming weeks.

Travel Restrictions

Authorities have banned foreign nationals from entering and transiting the country. The restriction exempts permanent residents, diplomats, and transport workers. Returning travelers, regardless of nationality, who show COVID-19 symptoms, will undergo quarantine at government premises. Authorities will advise all inbound passengers to self-quarantine for two weeks.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int