Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Indonesia continues to implement social distancing measures and transport restrictions in some areas as of April 29 due to COVID-19.

This alert affects Indonesia

This alert began 29 Apr 2020 05:40 GMT and is scheduled to expire 01 Jun 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Transport and business disruptions; possible quarantine measures

Authorities in Indonesia continue to implement social distancing measures and transport restrictions in several localities to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as of April 29. Regional officials are implementing social distancing measures, and transport disruptions are occurring in places under stricter restrictions. A nationwide public health emergency declaration remains in effect through May 29.

In Greater Jakarta, local authorities in Bekasi, Bogor, and Depok cities, as well as Bekasi and Bogor regencies, have extended social distancing restrictions through May 12. Additionally, Tangerang regency will maintain measures through May 15, while officials in Jakarta will implement measures through May 22. Other areas that have enacted social distancing restrictions include Greater Surabaya; Greater Bandung, West Java Province; Makassar city, South Sulawesi Province; Banjarmasin city, South Kalimantan Province; and West Sumatra Province. The duration of restrictions varies by region. Regional officials of areas with significant COVID-19 activity can apply to the central authorities to enact social distancing measures, which are extendable between two to four weeks at a time. While measures vary by location, basic restrictions in these areas include the suspension of schools and closure of most workplaces, except for some essential sectors like medical and food supplies. Some localities have required individuals to wear face masks in public areas, imposed nightly curfews, and limited passenger capacity and operating hours of public transport.

Transport restrictions - announced ahead of Ramadan - are in effect only in places with social distancing restrictions or with a high number of COVID-19 cases; the level of enforcement, however, is unclear. Areas that have yet to implement social distancing measures despite a high number of COVID-19 cases include Bandar Lampung city, Lampung Province, and Sorong Regency, West Papua Province. Authorities have banned travel to and from areas with social distancing restrictions or with a high number of COVID-19 cases through May 31. Officials have also suspended commercial flights in these affected regions through June 1, ferry passenger services through June 8, and railway services through June 15, with exceptions for cargo shipments, services transporting officials, or those repatriating Indonesian citizens.

Bali Province is maintaining a state of emergency through May 29; all arrivals from outside the province will undergo 14 days of self-quarantine. Additional localities could enact similar measures in the coming weeks.

International Travel Restrictions

Authorities have banned foreign nationals from entering and transiting the country. The restriction exempts permanent residents, diplomats, and transport workers. Returning travelers, regardless of nationality, that show COVID-19 symptoms will undergo quarantine at government premises. Authorities will advise all inbound passengers to self-quarantine for two weeks.

Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

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