Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: Indonesia continues to adjust COVID-19 controls, including large-scale distancing measures in some areas, as of Sept. 21.
Alert Begins 21 Sep 2020 09:07 AM UTC
Alert Expires 21 Oct 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Transport and business disruptions, protests; possible quarantine measures
Indonesia continues to adjust restrictions, including large-scale social distancing measures known as PSBB in several localities, to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as of Sept. 21. Areas with significant COVID-19 activity can apply to the central authorities to enact extendable large-scale social distancing measures. While controls vary by location, common restrictions in these areas include suspending schools and closing or limiting the operating hours of workplaces. Entry and exit restrictions are also in effect in areas enacting large-scale social distancing regulations, with exemptions for government officials, medical workers, and businesspeople in critical sectors, among others. A nationwide public health emergency declaration remains in effect until further notice.
As of Sept. 21, large-scale social distancing restrictions are in place in the following areas:
- Jakarta: Measures are in place through at least Sept. 25, though the government will likely extend the protocols. Officials have tightened controls since Sept. 14 due to increased local COVID-19 activity. Only essential industries and the civil service can operate on-site with a reduced workforce, while nonessential companies must apply for a government permit to work in offices. Operations at entertainment venues remain suspended, while food establishments can only serve takeaway or delivery orders. Officials have also further limited the passenger capacity and operating hours at public transport, though details are unclear. Schools remain closed. Authorities continue to encourage residents to wear facemasks, observe social distancing when in public, and regularly wash their hands.
- Ambon, Maluku Province: Protocols are in effect through at least Sept. 28. Gatherings are limited to 30 people. Public transport can operate until 1800 daily with protocols, such as reduced capacities. Several public places, like massage parlors, beauty salons, shopping centers, markets, and food establishments, can operate with reduced operating hours. Other facilities, including cinemas and karaoke parlors, remain closed. Group sports remain suspended. Authorities have set up 20 checkpoints to enforce protocols. Violators may receive fines ranging from IDR 50,000 (USD 3.5) to IDR 30 million (USD 2,100).
- Bekasi, Bogor, and Depok, West Java Province: Controls in Bekasi, Bogor, and Depok cities and Bekasi and Bogor regencies are in effect through at least Sept. 29. Employees who can work on-site must bring their identification card, company letter, and a document stating they have tested negative for COVID-19. Factory workers in Bekasi Regency must record their daily movements. Bogor and Depok cities requires shopping malls and other public facilities to close by 1800, while people have to be home by 2100 daily.
- Greater Tangerang, Banten Province: Officials have extended restrictions through at least Oct. 5. Authorities limit operating hours of public transport vehicles to 0500-1800 daily with protocols, such as requiring workers and passengers to wear facemasks and check body temperatures. Shopping centers can open until 2000 daily. Weddings may take place with controls, such as limiting attendees to 35 percent of the venue's capacity.
- Serang, Banten Province: The local government is enacting controls through at least Sept. 24. Officials have set up eight checkpoints to conduct health screening of those entering the area. Shopping malls must close by 1800.
Some localities have lifted large-scale social distancing restrictions due to reduced COVID-19 activity and concerns of the measures' economic impact. However, localized controls remain in effect in several areas that are without large-scale social distancing protocols. Multiple locations continue to suspend night entertainment venues and schools. Additionally, the central government has ordered localities with high local COVID-19 activity to allow 75 percent of civil servants to telecommute.
The central government requires intercity land and sea travelers to produce certificates stating they have tested negative for COVID-19. Domestic air travelers must provide a doctor's letter certifying the absence of flu-like symptoms, or medical certification with a maximum 14-day validity confirming negative results of a swab or rapid COVID-19 test. Passengers must also show identification documents and download the PeduliLindungi contact tracing application. Authorities also require planes and public land transport to operate at 70-percent capacity, and private-hire vehicles and taxis at 50-percent capacity. There is no capacity limit for sea transport, though other protocols are in place. The central government has also instructed local officials nationwide to implement health protocols, including the use of facemasks in public and distancing controls. However, the central and local governments' enforcement level of the restrictions is unclear. Officials have sometimes provided conflicting information about COVID-19 controls; changes to measures may occur at short notice.
Locals or workers affected by COVID-19 controls or company closures have demonstrated against the measures across Indonesia. Further rallies are likely, especially if authorities maintain curbs or if the officials do not provide sufficient assistance to affected employees or groups of people.
Foreign nationals remain banned from entering and transiting the country, with exemptions for permanent residents, diplomats, and transport workers. Arrivals must produce documents stating they are free from COVID-19; travelers without the certificates will undergo tests upon arrival and quarantine at government-designated sites until test results are released. Arrivals must also download the PeduliLindungi application. Symptomatic passengers will isolate at government-designated facilities. Authorities advise arrivals to self-quarantine for 14 days. Officials also require people leaving Indonesia to produce certificates stating that they do not carry COVID-19.
Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Avoid any demonstrations due to the potential for clashes.
Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.