Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Honduras impose total curfew nationwide through April 19 due to COVID-19 activity. Other restrictions remain in place.

This alert affects Honduras

This alert began 09 Apr 2020 10:10 GMT and is scheduled to expire 20 Apr 2020 05:00 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 19
  • Impact: Major transport and commercial disruptions, increased police presence

Summary
Authorities in Honduras have extended the total nationwide curfew until 1500 April 19 as part of the nation's state of emergency in response to coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The government has also revised the days on which the public is allowed to circulate, effective April 13. Residents will only be allowed to leave their homes on certain days of the week 0900-1500 to procure food, fuel, and medical supplies, and to obtain banking services, according to the last digit of their ID, resident ID, or passport, as follows:

  • Monday: Last digit is 1 or 2
  • Tuesday: Last digit is 3 or 4
  • Wednesday: Last digit is 5, or 6
  • Thursday: Last digit is 7 or 8
  • Friday: Last digit is 9, or 0


Once-off arrangements will be made for persons with the last ID digit 7 or 8 to conduct essential tasks April 10, and those with the last ID digit 9 or 0, on April 11. Persons over the age of 60, pregnant women, and disabled persons will be served at authorized supermarkets and pharmacies 0700-0900 and banks 0900-1000 on the same days that correspond with the last digit of their ID, resident ID, or passport. No unauthorized movements will be permitted on Saturday and Sunday. President Juan Orlando Hernandez has also ordered all individuals to wear face masks in public, effective April 7. National police will continue to be deployed to enforce the curfew.

These measures are in addition to the previously announced closure of land, air, and sea borders, as well as the suspension of public transportation and large gatherings. International flight operations have been suspended at Toncontin International Airport (TGU), Goloson International Airport (LCE), and Roatan Juan Manuel Galvez Airport (RTB) since March 17. The government may expand its preventative measures and movement restrictions locally over the coming days and weeks. It is unclear how long these measures will last. All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by Honduran authorities are similar to actions taken by other governments globally in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic March 11.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int

Government of Honduras - COVID-19: www.covid19honduras.org