Severity: Critical Alert
Transportation: Officials in Hawaii, US, extend COVID-19-related stay-at-home order through May 31. All travelers entering the state must self-quarantine.
The locations affected by this alert are:
- Honolulu, Hawaii
- Maui, Hawaii
- Hilo, Hawaii
- Kauai, Hawaii
- Kailua-Kona, Hawaii
- Molokai, Hawaii
- Lahaina, Hawaii
- Waikoloa, Hawaii
This alert began 26 Apr 2020 15:55 GMT and is scheduled to expire 31 May 2020 23:59 GMT.
- Incident: Restrictions
- Location(s): Hawaii (map)
- Time Frame: Through May 31
- Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions, heightened security
Officials in the state of Hawaii have extended stay-at-home orders through May 31, to curb the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Residents may still leave their homes to obtain basic goods, attend a medical emergency, or care for a family member or friend in need. Outdoor exercise, including swimming, surfing and walking pets, as well as running, jogging or walking on the beach will also be permitted as long as social distancing requirements are observed. People who work in essential businesses can also leave their homes to go to work. Among businesses and operations considered essential are healthcare facilities, pharmacies, grocery stores, financial institutions, and restaurants (only for delivery and pickup services). Other operations deemed essential are those related to agriculture, security, social services, transportation, and manufacturing. Nonessential businesses can operate only with employees working from their homes.
State entry restrictions will also be extended through May 31. Any person entering the Hawaii, either visitors or returning residents, are required to self-quarantine for 14 days upon arrival.
Significant transport and business disruptions are likely. Authorities will almost certainly deploy additional security personnel to assist in enforcing the measure. Officials could amend the order on short notice, depending on the disease activity in the coming weeks.
Background and Analysis
The measures taken by authorities in Hawaii are similar to actions adopted by other governments in the US and globally in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Strictly heed the instructions of authorities. Avoid all nonessential operations in the areas impacted by the measures. Confirm appointments. Remain courteous and cooperative if approached and questioned by law enforcement officers.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.