Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Ghana extend restrictions through May 31 as part of measures to halt the spread of COVID-19.

This alert affects Ghana

This alert began 11 May 2020 14:45 GMT and is scheduled to expire 01 Jun 2020 12:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through May 31
  • Impact: Travel and movement restrictions

Summary
Authorities in Ghana have extended public restrictions through May 31 as part of efforts to halt the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The extension of domestic measures follows an extension of Ghana's border closures for the same period May 1. Bans on public gatherings remain in place, with a limit of up to 25 people placed on private events. Educational facilities remain closed. Other nationwide restrictions remain in place include:

  • Facemasks must be worn in public.
  • All commercial transport should operate with a minimal number of passengers.
  • Businesses and supermarkets must enforce social distancing measures.
  • The status of intercity passenger travel, which officials previously suspended, remains unclear.


The transport of essential goods and repatriation flights for foreign nationals is ongoing. Delays to the transport of goods are likely, given enhanced screening measures. Commercial international flights and maritime operations remain suspended. Authorities may amend restrictions in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
The government of Ghana has introduced and updated restrictions to halt the spread of COVID-19 in recent months. The extensions follow the easing of domestic restrictions in Kumasi and Accra and the resumption of domestic flights. These developments had hinted at the possible easing of wider measures.

COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo. Foreign nationals should maintain a low public profile.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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