Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Georgia tightens restrictions and introduces nightly curfew as of March 31 due to COVID-19. State of emergency in effect through April 21.

This alert affects Georgia

This alert began 02 Apr 2020 10:40 GMT and is scheduled to expire 21 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Travel restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 21
  • Impact: Significant travel and business disruptions

Summary
Georgian authorities introduced a nationwide quarantine regime as of March 31, tightening restrictions intended to stem the spread of COVID-19. A nightly curfew is in place 2100-0600, during which no person is permitted to be outside their homes with the exception of critical workers as approved by the government. Additional restrictions in place as part of the quarantine regime include:

  • A ban on nonessential travel outside the home
  • A ban on travel between municipalities unless traveling home
  • Suspension of public transport
  • A ban on gatherings of more than three people
  • A ban on individuals over 70 years of age leaving the home
  • The requirement to carry identity documents at all times
  • Suspension of public transport
  • Closure of all nonessential businesses and establishments
  • Establishment of checkpoints controlling movement in and out of Tbilisi, Batumi, Kutaisi, Rustavi, Poti, Zugdidi, and Gori


These measures are in addition to previous restrictions barring most foreigners from entering the country. All persons arriving in Georgia will be required to self-isolate for 14 days. The restrictions do not impact freight transport. These measures were introduced as part of the state of emergency declared March 21-April 21; security forces are deployed to enforce the restrictions.

All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice in response to government reviews and may receive updates or extensions in the coming days.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV2-virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
Government of Georgia Coronavirus Hub: stopcov.ge

World Health Organization (WHO): who.int