Severity: Critical Alert

Exit/Entry: France permits travel with 13 non-EU countries since July 1; movement and business disruptions remain.

  • Alert Begins: 09 Jul 2020 10:56 AM UTC
  • Alert Expires: 22 Jul 2020 11:59 PM UTC
  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Lingering business and transport disruptions

Authorities in France continue to ease travel restrictions put in place to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as of early July. Since July 1, travel has resumed between France and 13 non-EU countries, including Australia, Georgia, Japan, Canada, Morocco, Montenegro, New Zealand, Rwanda, Serbia, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia, and Uruguay. Previous measures lifted restrictions on entry for residents of EU and Schengen Area member states and associated countries. Travelers from all countries with which travel restrictions have been lifted are not required to fill out an attestation form prior to travel or to undergo 14 days of self-isolation on arrival. Citizens of other destinations remain barred from entry, though exceptions are made, such as for health workers, freight and transport workers, diplomats, students, and urgent family reasons; all such arrivals are required to fill out an attestation form prior to travel and to self-isolate for 14 days on arrival.

As of July 8, authorities in France have permitted most businesses and services to resume operation, provided they implement strict social distancing and hygiene requirements. Travel restrictions within Metropolitan France have been lifted. Travel with Guyana and Mayotte is currently suspended indefinitely; from July 11, travel to all other overseas territories will require a negative COVID-19 test taken in the previous 72 hours. Public gatherings of more than 10 people remain prohibited, and face coverings are mandatory on public transport and many additional public spaces. Authorities continue to advise working from home where possible.

Authorities could reintroduce, ease, or otherwise amend restrictions at any time based upon disease activity; local governments have the authority to tighten or loosen restrictions at their own discretion. As of July 8, all departments in Metropolitan France are rated "green" on the nation's three-tiered color-coded COVID-19 activity scale, indicating the lowest rates of infection.

Background and Analysis
The easing of measures in France is similar to actions undertaken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the beginning of the summer tourist season, and lower infection rates of COVID-19. As countries relax blanket restrictions across Europe, authorities could begin to reintroduce sporadic, highly targeted measures in response to local COVID-19 outbreaks. Such measures could apply to neighborhoods or specific facilities, including schools, factories, or accommodation and office blocks. Mandatory social distancing procedures in public places and on public transport, as well as widespread voluntary “self-policing” by residents, will assist in reducing the potential for contagion, negating the necessity for a large-scale, blanket reintroduction of significant restrictions.

COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

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