Severity: Warning Alert

Exit/Entry: European countries maintain movement and business restrictions due to COVID-19 activity as of July 2.

  • Alert Begins: 02 Jul 2020 02:50 PM UTC
  • Alert Expires: 08 Jul 2020 11:59 PM UTC
  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Europe (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Significant travel and business disruptions

Summary
Governments in Europe are maintaining travel and other restrictions to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as of July 2. Specific measures vary by country, though major restrictions include the following:

 

  • Albania: International flights to and from Albania have resumed and authorities have lifted the daily curfew and movement restrictions. All land borders are open and authorities have lifted the mandatory 14-day quarantine requirement. Some nonessential establishments remain closed.

 

  • Armenia: Authorities have extended the state of emergency until at least July 13. Most foreigners remain barred from entry and arrivals are subject to a 14-day quarantine. Some nonessential businesses and facilities are permitted to reopen under certain conditions. Face masks are mandatory in public spaces.

 

  • Austria: Most non-EU foreign nationals remain barred from entry. Travelers from countries with high levels of disease activity, including the UK, must produce a valid health certificate. Nonessential businesses have reopened with social distancing measures. Face coverings are mandatory on public transport and public gatherings of more than 100 people are prohibited.

 

  • Azerbaijan: Authorities have extended the quarantine regime until at least Aug. 1; a strict lockdown is in effect in Baku, Sumgayit, Lankaran, Yevlakh, Jalilabad, Absheron, Ganja, and Masalli until July 5. Certain businesses and public spaces have reopened in some areas. Public gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited. International travel remains suspended.

 

  • Belgium: Travel with EU countries has resumed, depending on COVID-19 restrictions in the destination country. Most nonessential businesses are open. Public transport has resumed, though passengers are required to wear protective masks. Outdoor gatherings may not exceed 400 persons, while indoor gatherings may not exceed 200 persons.

 

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: Airports and land border crossings with Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia have reopened; most other foreign nationals remain barred from entry. Some nonessential establishments remain closed.

 

  • Bulgaria: Authorities have extended the epidemic emergency until July 15 in response to increased disease activity. Many nonessential businesses and public spaces have reopened. The ban on intercity travel has been lifted. Protective masks are mandatory on public transport. Most non-EU residents remain prohibited from entering, with some exceptions. Most arrivals must self-isolate for 14 days.

 

  • Croatia: Residents of the EU may now enter the country, and citizens of neighboring countries may enter without having to prove the nature of their visit; visitors from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, North Macedonia, and Serbia are required to self-isolate for 14 days. Many nonessential establishments have reopened. Strict social distancing mandates remain in force.

 

  • Cyprus: Airports have reopened and international passenger flights have resumed with some countries; restrictions on entry remain. Authorities have movement restrictions and reopened most businesses and schools.

 

  • Czech Republic: Many nonessential establishments are permitted to reopen under certain conditions. Protective masks are mandatory in enclosed public spaces and on public transport. Gatherings of up to 1,000 people are permitted. EU citizens are permitted to enter the country for work or study, provided they can produce a negative COVID-19 test. Citizens and residents of the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia may travel freely between these countries, provided they return to their home country within 48 hours.

 

  • Denmark: Shops, cafes, restaurants, libraries, and churches are permitted to reopen with restrictions. Cultural facilities have reopened, while entertainment venues remain closed. Most foreigners from outside the EU and Schengen Area remain barred from entry.

 

  • Estonia: Indoor public gatherings of more than 100 people are prohibited. Most foreign nationals from outside of the EU, UK, and Schengen Area are barred from entry; quarantine measures are in force for international arrivals.

 

  • Finland: Authorities have lifted restrictions for travelers arriving from Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania; restrictions with other destinations remain in place until July 14. Most businesses and facilities are permitted to reopen under certain conditions. Gatherings of more than 50 people remain prohibited.

 

  • France: A nationwide state of emergency is in effect until July 10. Certain types of businesses have been permitted to reopen, and authorities have lifted a mandate that individuals remain within 100 km (60 miles) of their homes. Travel restrictions have been lifted with EU and Schengen Area countries; travelers from the UK are required to self-isolate for 14-days on arrival. Most other foreign nationals remain barred from entry.

 

  • Georgia: Domestic passenger air and rail services have resumed, albeit on a reduced schedule. Most foreign nationals remain barred from entry and international flights, except repatriation flights, are suspended indefinitely; all returning residents are required to self-isolate for 14 days. Many businesses and facilities are permitted to reopen.

 

  • Germany: Most travelers from outside the EU, EEA and Schengen Area are barred from entry. Social distancing measures remain in effect and protective masks must be worn in enclosed public spaces. Localized lockdowns have been introduced in some areas.

 

  • Greece: Travelers arriving from the EU, Israel, South Korea, Japan, China, Australia, and New Zealand are no longer required to self-isolate but may be subject to a health screening. Travelers from other destinations, including the UK, will be tested and isolated on arrival. Many businesses and facilities are permitted to reopen under certain conditions. Protective face coverings are mandatory on public transport.

 

  • Hungary: Some businesses are permitted to resume operations. Most non-EU foreign nationals, excluding residents of Serbia, are currently prohibited from entry. Protective masks are mandatory in public places.

 

  • Ireland: Residents may travel without restriction within their own counties and within 20 km (12 miles) of their homes if crossing county boundaries. International arrivals are requested to self-isolate for 14 days. Many businesses and facilities are permitted to reopen. Gatherings of up to 50 people are permitted indoors and up to 200 people outdoors.

 

  • Italy: Authorities maintain a ban on non-EU foreign nationals entering the country. Most businesses and activities are permitted to resume under certain conditions. Interregional travel is permitted; protective face coverings remain mandatory in enclosed public spaces.

 

  • Latvia: Most non-EU foreign nationals and nonresidents are barred from entry. Gatherings of up to 100 people are permitted indoors, and 300 outdoors. Some nonessential businesses have been allowed to reopen. Protective masks are mandatory for public transport.

 

  • Lithuania: Most non-EU foreign nationals and nonresidents are barred from entry. Residents returning from countries with elevated disease activity must self-isolate for 14 days. Most businesses and facilities are permitted to reopen under certain conditions.

 

  • Malta: Most citizens of the EEA, Schengen Area, and associated countries are permitted to enter. Bars and restaurants are open, subject to social distancing requirements. Mass gatherings are prohibited. Protective masks are required for public transport.

 

  • Moldova: International passenger flights have resumed. Most foreigners remain barred from entry and most arrivals are required to self-isolate for 14 days. Authorities continue to ease restrictions on businesses under certain conditions.

 

  • Montenegro: International arrivals are permitted from countries of low COVID-19 activity, though individuals are expected to undergo 14-days quarantine. Most businesses have been permitted to resume operations, subject to social distancing requirements. Protective masks are mandatory for public transport.

 

  • Netherlands: Most non-EU international arrivals remain banned; residents returning from countries with elevated disease activity must self-isolate for 14 days. Nonessential businesses are permitted to operate under strict health conditions. Face masks must be worn on public transport and at public transport hubs.

 

  • Northern Cyprus: Some nonessential businesses have reopened, subject to social distancing requirements. Public gatherings are prohibited. Foreign nationals are currently barred from entry.

 

  • North Macedonia: All land borders have reopened. Nonessential businesses and restaurants are permitted to reopen under certain conditions. Educational and cultural facilities remain closed. Face masks are mandatory in public indoor spaces and recommended in outdoor spaces.

 

  • Norway: Enhanced border controls remain in effect; arrivals from all countries excluding Denmark, Finland, and Iceland are required to self-isolate for 10 days. Most foreign nationals remain barred from entry. Most businesses and facilities have reopened and gatherings of up to 200 people are permitted. Authorities plan to reopen the country for persons residing in countries with a satisfactory infection situation in the European Economic Area and Schengen Area starting July 15.

 

  • Poland: Most non-EU foreign nationals remain barred from entry. Many businesses and facilities are permitted to reopen under certain conditions. Social distance should be maintained in public. There are no restrictions on religious ceremonies or funerals; however, other cultural events may not exceed 150 persons.

 

  • Portugal: Passenger flights are permitted with all EU, Schengen Area, and associated countries; as well as all Portuguese-speaking countries; the US; Canada; Venezuela; and South Africa. Many businesses are permitted to reopen under certain conditions. Protective masks are mandatory for public transport.

 

  • Romania: The state of alert is extended until July 17. International air, road, and rail travel has resumed. Travelers from countries with low COVID-19 infection rates do not need to self-isolate; travelers from other areas must self isolate for 14 days. Many businesses are permitted to reopen, subject to social distancing requirements.

 

  • Serbia: Most businesses have been permitted to reopen, and intercity road and rail traffic has resumed. Masks are mandatory on public transport. Authorities have lifted the requirement for a negative COVID test or special permit for entry into the country; no self-isolation or quarantine has since been required. Localized lockdowns or special COVID-19 measures have been reintroduced in several locations including Belgrade, Kragujevac, and Novi Pazar.

 

  • Slovakia: Most non-EU international arrivals are required to self-isolate for 14 days upon arrival. Most businesses and establishments are permitted to reopen subject to social distancing requirements.

 

  • Slovenia: Some restrictions on international road and rail passenger transport remain in force. Restrictions on intercity travel have been lifted, and businesses are gradually being permitted to reopen. Gatherings of up to 200 people are allowed. Most businesses are open.

 

  • Spain: Nonessential businesses are permitted to reopen, depending on the region. Most foreigners remain barred from entry, and all non-EU international arrivals are subject to a 14-day self-isolation.

 

  • Sweden: Shops and other businesses are open, subject to social-distancing requirements. Some educational facilities are currently closed. Public gatherings of more than 50 participants are prohibited. Most foreign nationals from outside the EEA and Switzerland are currently barred from entry.

 

  • Switzerland: Shops and public establishments have been gradually reopening, subject to social distancing requirements. Public transport has resumed. Gatherings of up to 1,000 people are permitted. Most foreigners remain barred from entry.

 

  • Turkey: Turkish citizens are no longer required to self-isolate on arrival. International flights to limited destinations have resumed. Authorities have lifted restrictions at land borders, excluding at the border with Iran. Many businesses and facilities are permitted to reopen under certain conditions. Protective face coverings are mandatory, and authorities continue to advise against nonessential movement.

 

  • UK: Authorities will further ease restrictions on nonessential businesses, including in the hospitality sector, July 4. However, a localized lockdown has been implemented in Leicester until July 14 due to a spike in cases. All international arrivals - with the exception of those arriving from Ireland - are required to self-isolate for 14 days. Gatherings of more than six people from different households remain prohibited.

 

  • Ukraine: International and domestic flights have resumed; arrivals from countries with elevated disease activity are required to self-isolate for 14 days. Many land border crossings remain closed. Certain businesses and facilities are permitted to reopen. Public gatherings are permitted but social distance must be observed. Individuals must wear protective masks and carry an identity document when in public.

 


The EU opened most internal borders June 15; permanent residents and citizens of the EU, the UK or the Schengen Area may travel freely within the bloc. Additionally, EU authorities have approved travel from 15 non-EU countries deemed epidemiologically safe, effective July 1.

Freight transport is generally unaffected by border closures, though localized movement restrictions are possible at short notice. Many governments have also imposed quarantine requirements for travelers arriving from areas of high COVID-19 activity. Public transport operators and airlines will likely operate significantly reduced services. Many governments and airlines have suspended or curtailed flight operations; further service reductions, as well as airport closures, could be announced at short notice.

School closures will probably result in increased absenteeism among employees who are the parents or guardians of school-aged children. In addition, large numbers of workers will continue to work from home in the coming weeks as a routine health precaution and due to voluntary self-isolation.

Governments could expand their responses in the coming weeks, particularly if COVID-19 activity increases in-country. Immigration delays are possible, especially for passengers from countries with significant numbers of COVID-19 cases. Some countries are likely to incrementally relax restrictions in the coming weeks if they judge the pandemic threat to be under control. As countries ease blanket restrictions, authorities could begin to reintroduce sporadic, highly targeted measures in response to local COVID-19 outbreaks. Such measures could apply to neighborhoods or specific facilities, including schools, factories, or accommodation and office blocks. Mandatory social distancing procedures in public places and on public transport, as well as widespread voluntary “self-policing” by the population, will assist in reducing the potential for contagion, negating the necessity for a nationwide reintroduction of significant restrictions.

Advice
Confirm travel arrangements before setting out. Follow all official immigration and health screening instructions. Allow additional time for immigration and health screenings at all ports of entry. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Consider and test contingency plans to allow remote working where possible.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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