Severity: Warning Alert

Entry/Exit: European countries continue to enforce movement and business restrictions as of April 8 due to COVID-19.

The locations affected by this alert are:

  • Albania
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • North Macedonia
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Serbia
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Ukraine
  • Kosovo
  • Armenia
  • Georgia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Ireland
  • United Kingdom
  • Montenegro

This alert began 08 Apr 2020 11:30 GMT and is scheduled to expire 13 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Travel restrictions
  • Location(s): Regional (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Flight and border crossing disruptions, movement restrictions, increased absenteeism; possible longer immigration wait times, quarantine measures, short-term goods shortages

Summary
Governments in Europe are maintaining travel and other restrictions to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Specific measures vary by country, though major restrictions include:

  • Albania: Individuals are only permitted to leave their homes on essential business. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely, and a daily curfew is in effect. All air and sea ports of entry are closed indefinitely.
  • Armenia: Individuals are only permitted to leave their homes on essential business. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. Groups of more than two people are forbidden in public. Entry is prohibited to foreign travelers who have visited areas of high COVID-19 activity in the last 14 days. All land borders with Georgia and Iran are closed.
  • Austria: Individuals are requested only to leave their homes on essential business. All nonessential establishments are closed, though officials have announced that small commercial establishments could reopen from April 14. Public gatherings of more than five people are prohibited. Authorities have barred entry for most foreigners.
  • Azerbaijan: All nonessential establishments are closed until at least April 23. All international land and air connections are suspended to passenger traffic until at least April 20.
  • Belgium: Individuals are requested only to leave their homes on essential business. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. All public gatherings are prohibited.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: Partial curfews are in effect; individuals are requested only to leave their homes on essential business. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. Foreign nationals are currently prohibited from entering the country, with the exception of Bosnian residents.
  • Bulgaria: Individuals are requested only to leave their homes on essential business. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. Public gatherings of more than two people are prohibited. Non-EU citizens, as well as citizens of Italy, Spain, France, Germany, and the Netherlands, are prohibited from entering the country until at least April 17, with the exception of freight and health workers and diplomats. Land borders with North Macedonia, Serbia, and Turkey are currently closed to non-commercial traffic.
  • Croatia: Individuals are only requested only to leave their homes on essential business. All nonessential establishments are closed until at least April 18. Public gatherings of more than five people are prohibited. All mass public transport is suspended until April 21. Non-EU citizens are prohibited from entering the country until at least April 16.
  • Cyprus: A partial curfew is in effect daily. Authorities have banned incoming passenger flights until further notice.
  • Czech Republic: Individuals are requested only to leave their homes on essential business. Some nonessential establishments are permitted to reopen from April 9. Public gatherings of more than two people are prohibited, though people are mandated to wear facemasks in public places. Authorities have temporarily barred entry for most foreigners. Border controls are in operation at the land borders with Austria and Germany; the border with Slovakia is temporarily closed.
  • Denmark: Nonessential establishments, including educational facilities, are closed until at least April 13. Public gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited. All air and sea borders are closed through April 13; the land border with Germany is partially closed. Foreign nationals are prohibited from entry.
  • Estonia: All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. Public gatherings of more than two people are prohibited. Foreign nationals are prohibited from entry.
  • Finland: Nonessential establishments, including educational facilities, are closed until at least April 13. Public gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited. Finland's international borders are closed to nonessential traffic until May 13.
  • France: Individuals are requested only to leave their homes on essential business until at least April 15. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. All public gatherings are prohibited. The borders with Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, and Spain are closed.
  • Georgia: A daily curfew is in effect, as well as a ban on nonessential travel and travel between municipalities. All nonessential establishments are closed. All public gatherings of more than three people are prohibited. Most foreigners are barred from entry; international flights are suspended, and land borders are closed. The restrictions are in place until at least April 21.
  • Germany: Individuals are requested only to leave their homes on essential business until further notice. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. All public gatherings of more than two people are prohibited. Foreigners are prohibited from entry, except European Economic Area (EEA) nationals and residents, and Swiss and UK nationals. The borders with Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, and Denmark are partially closed.
  • Greece: Individuals are only permitted to leave their homes on essential business until at least April 27. All nonessential establishments are closed, and large public gatherings are prohibited until further notice. The borders with Albania, North Macedonia, and Turkey are closed.
  • Hungary: Individuals are only permitted to leave their homes on essential business until at least April 11. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. Gatherings of more than 100 people (indoors) and 500 people (outdoors) are prohibited. Foreign nationals, excluding residents of the EEA, are currently prohibited from entry.
  • Ireland: Individuals are requested only to leave their homes on essential business until at least April 12. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. All public gatherings of more than four people are prohibited.
  • Italy: Individuals are only permitted to leave their homes on essential business until at least April 12. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. Public gatherings are prohibited. More stringent restrictions are in place in the Lombardy Region.
  • Kosovo: Individuals are only permitted to leave their homes outside of curfew hours. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. Foreign nationals are banned from entry. More stringent restrictions are in place in the Klina and Vitina municipalities.
  • Latvia: A state of emergency is in effect until May 12. Educational facilities are closed indefinitely. Public gatherings are prohibited. Foreign nationals and nonresidents are barred from entry.
  • Lithuania: Nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. Most foreign nationals and nonresidents are barred from entry.
  • Malta: Authorities issued an indefinite ban on incoming flights March 21. Officials have halted sea passenger travel between Malta and France, Germany, Spain, and Switzerland.
  • Montenegro: A daily curfew is in effect. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. All public gatherings of more than two people are prohibited. Foreign nationals are barred from entry. Multiple border crossings with Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Croatia, and Serbia are indefinitely closed.
  • Netherlands: All nonessential establishments are closed until at least April 28. All public gatherings of more than three people are prohibited. Entry restrictions are in place for non-EEA or UK nationals.
  • North Cyprus: A daily curfew is in effect, and all nonessential establishments are closed until at least April 10. All public gatherings are prohibited. Foreign nationals are barred from entry until April 11.
  • North Macedonia: A partial curfew is in effect and all nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. Most foreign nationals are barred from entry. More stringent restrictions are in place in several areas, including the Debar and Centar Zhupa municipalities.
  • Norway: All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. All sea and air ports are closed. Educational establishments are scheduled to reopen from April 20.
  • Poland: Individuals are only permitted to leave their homes on essential business until at least April 11. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. Public gatherings of more than two people from different households are prohibited. Most foreign nationals are barred from entry through at least April 11.
  • Portugal: The State of Emergency is extended through April 17. A ban on unnecessary travel is in effect. Border controls are implemented with Spain. Nonessential establishments are closed. There is a ban on gatherings of more than five people, and interregional and all passenger air traffic is suspended until at least April 13.
  • Romania: Individuals are only permitted to leave their homes on essential business until further notice. Public gatherings of more than three people are prohibited. Most foreign nationals are currently barred from entry.
  • Serbia: A daily curfew is in effect, and all nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. Public gatherings are prohibited. Most foreign nationals are barred from entry. International airports and borders are closed.
  • Slovakia: All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. All international passenger flights have been suspended. Nonresidents are currently barred from entry.
  • Slovenia: A ban on nonessential movement, including interregional travel, is in effect. Nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. A ban on gatherings is in effect. Passenger air traffic is suspended through at least April 13; border restrictions are in effect.
  • Spain: Individuals are only permitted to leave their homes on essential business until further notice. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. All public gatherings are prohibited. The borders with France, Morocco, and Portugal, as well as sea borders, including those on the Canary and Balearic islands, are closed indefinitely. Most foreigners are currently barred from entry.
  • Sweden: Educational facilities are currently closed. Public gatherings of more than 500 participants are prohibited. Foreign nationals from outside of the EEA and Switzerland are currently barred from entry.
  • Switzerland: Individuals are requested only to leave their homes on essential business until further notice. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. All public gatherings of more than five people are prohibited. Most foreigners are barred from entry.
  • UK: Individuals are requested only to leave their homes on essential business until further notice. All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. All public gatherings are prohibited. Public transport services are operating reduced services, particularly in London.
  • Ukraine: All nonessential establishments are closed indefinitely. All public gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited. Most foreigners are barred from entry. All passenger air traffic has been suspended indefinitely.


In most cases, freight transport is still permitted to cross international borders, though further localized movement restrictions are possible at short notice. Many governments have also imposed quarantine requirements for travelers arriving from areas of high COVID-19 activity. Public transport operators and airlines are likely to be operating a significantly reduced service. Many governments and airlines have suspended or curtailed flight operations; further service reductions, as well as airport closures, could be announced at short notice.

Panic buying of essential goods, particularly hygiene products, occurred in many locations as preventative restrictions were introduced. Additional surges in demand could prompt further temporary shortages in reaction to any high-profile developments around COVID-19, though these are likely to be quickly resolved. School closures will probably result in increased absenteeism among employees who are the parents or guardians of school-aged children. In addition, large numbers of workers will continue to work from home in the coming weeks as a routine health precaution and due to voluntary self-isolation.

Governments could expand their responses in the coming weeks, particularly if COVID-19 activity increases in-country. Immigration delays are possible, especially for passengers from countries with significant numbers of COVID-19 cases.

Advice
Confirm travel arrangements before setting out. Follow all official immigration and health screening instructions. Allow additional time for immigration and health screenings at all ports of entry. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Consider and test contingency plans to allow remote working where possible.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
WHO coronavirus knowledge base: www.who.int