Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: Ecuador to maintain nationwide COVID-19 measures and regional color-coded restrictions through at least Sept. 12. Borders remain closed.
Alert Begins 01 Sep 2020 11:24 AM UTC
Alert Expires 11 Sep 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions, increased security
Authorities in Ecuador will continue to enforce the existing color-coded system of restrictions and other measures related to the nation's coronavirus disease (COVID-19) response through at least Sept. 12. As of Sept. 1, there are no special measures or differential curfews in place outside the color-coded system. Within this system, cantons and municipalities nationwide are assigned red, yellow, or green colors, which restrict movement and business to different degrees. As of Sept. 1, most of the country remains under code yellow, including Quito.
Under code red, people must remain at home except to engage in essential activities such as acquiring or providing food or medicine. Officials will enforce a daily 1800-0500 curfew, while only the following vehicles will be allowed on roads:
- Mondays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 2, 3, or 7
- Tuesdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 3, 4, 5, or 8
- Wednesdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 4, 5, 6, or 9
- Thursdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 6, 7, 8, or 0
- Fridays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 2, 9, or 0
- Saturdays and Sundays: No private passenger vehicles allowed on the streets
Under code yellow, authorities will enforce a daily 2300-0500 curfew. Only the following vehicles will be allowed on roads under code yellow:
- Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 3, 5, 7, or 9
- Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 2, 4, 6, 8, or 0
- Sundays: Vehicles are permitted on a rotational basis
Under code green, officials will not enforce any curfew measures; however, restrictions are in place, with only the following vehicles allowed on the road:
- Mondays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, or 9
- Tuesdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, or 0
- Wednesdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9
- Thursdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 0
- Fridays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, or 0
- Saturdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, or 0
- Sundays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 0
Nationwide measures are also in place regardless of the color-coding. Most entertainment establishments, such as bars and nightclubs, as well as schools and children's playgrounds, are to stay closed. All indoor and outdoor gatherings are prohibited, and only limited beaches are opened. All individuals are urged to practice social distancing and wear a facemask in public spaces.
International and domestic flights are permitted; however, the land borders remain closed to all passenger traffic. All international passengers must present proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within seven days of arrival; travelers are also required to self-quarantine for 14 days. Passengers traveling on domestic flights must also present a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours. Interprovincial travel is only permitted between locations coded yellow or green. Cargo transportation and personnel involved in the transportation of food, health, and hygiene products, as well as members of the health sector, are exempt from the restrictions. All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice.
Background and Analysis
The measures imposed by Ecuador's government are similar to those taken by other governments in response to the spread of COVID-19, a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic. Should the number of COVID-19 cases significantly increase, relaxed restrictions may be reapplied. Likewise, a continued low number of cases may result in a further relaxation of restrictions.
Strictly heed the instructions of authorities. Confirm appointments. Remain courteous and cooperative if approached and questioned by law enforcement officers. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.