Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: Ecuador to maintain color-coded restrictions through at least Aug. 13, with some amendments due to COVID-19. Differential curfews in place.
- Alert Begins: 30 Jul 2020 03:56 PM UTC
- Alert Expires: 13 Aug 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Through at least Aug. 13
- Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions, increased security
Authorities in Ecuador will maintain its color-coded system of restrictions, with some revisions, through at least Aug. 13. The restrictions are part of the state of emergency declared to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Cantons and municipalities nationwide are assigned colors of red, yellow, or green, which restrict movement and business to different degrees. Most of the country remains under code yellow, including Quito.
Under code red, people must remain at home except to engage in essential activities such as acquiring or providing food or medicine. Officials will enforce a daily 1800-0500 curfew, while only the following vehicles will be allowed on roads:
- Mondays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 2, 3, or 7
- Tuesdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 3, 4, 5, or 8
- Wednesdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 4, 5, 6, or 9
- Thursdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 6, 7, 8, or 0
- Fridays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 2, 9, or 0
- Saturdays and Sundays: No private passenger vehicles allowed on the streets
Under code yellow, authorities will enforce a daily 2300-0500 curfew, except in yellow-coded cantons in the provinces of Pichincha (including Quito), as well as Carchi, Imbabura, Cotopaxi, Tungurahua, Chimborazo, Bolívar, Cañar, Azuay, Loja, Santo Domingo, Esmeraldas, Sucumbios, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Morona Santiago and Zamora Chinchipe. In these areas, the curfew will be enforced 2100-0500 from Monday-Thursday, and 1900-0500 Friday-Sunday. The sale of liquor is banned in these areas Friday-Sunday. Only the following vehicles will be allowed on roads under code yellow:
- Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 3, 5, 7, or 9
- Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 2, 4, 6, 8, or 0
- Sundays: Vehicles are permitted on a rotational basis.
Under code green, officials will not enforce any curfew measures; however, restrictions are in place, with only the following vehicles allowed on the road:
- Mondays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, or 9
- Tuesdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, or 0
- Wednesdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9
- Thursdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 0
- Fridays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, or 0
- Saturdays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, or 0
- Sundays: Vehicles with license plates ending in 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 0
International and domestic flights are permitted. All international passengers must present proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within seven days of arrival; travelers are also required to self-quarantine for 14 days. Passengers traveling on domestic flights must also present a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours. Interprovincial travel is only permitted between locations coded yellow or green. Cargo transportation and personnel involved in the transportation of food, health, and hygiene products, as well as members of the health sector, are exempt from the restrictions. All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice.
Background and Analysis
The measures imposed by Ecuador's government are similar to those taken by other governments in response to the spread of COVID-19, a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic. Should the number of COVID-19 cases significantly increase, relaxed restrictions may be reapplied. Likewise, a continued low number of cases may result in a further relaxation of restrictions.
Strictly heed the instructions of authorities. Confirm appointments. Remain courteous and cooperative if approached and questioned by law enforcement officers.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.