Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Dominican Republic extend state of emergency, nightly curfew through at least April 30 to curb the spread of COVID-19.

This alert affects Dominican Republic

This alert began 14 Apr 2020 18:20 GMT and is scheduled to expire 30 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-related restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 30
  • Impact: Significant business and travel disruptions; possible freight delays

Authorities in the Dominican Republic have extended the existing state of emergency through at least April 30 as part of the nation's efforts to curb the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Under the state of emergency, the national government will also continue a nightly nationwide 1700-0600 curfew; during curfew hours, only persons working in emergency, healthcare and law enforcement services; the media; transportation of basic goods; or at sea ports, airports, and utilities may leave their residences. Between 0600-1700, residents may leave their homes only to perform essential tasks, such as to obtain basic goods or attend to healthcare issues. Nonessential businesses will remain closed through at least April 30. Among the businesses and services that remain open are grocery stores, pharmacies and healthcare facilities, and companies involved in production and distribution of food and medicine. Authorities lifted an earlier imposed ban on interprovincial travel; however, officials ask that residents restrict such travel situations that are essential.

All schools and universities remain closed. The country's land, sea, and air borders have also been closed to passenger traffic through April 18; the closure will likely be extended. Cargo transport will not be affected. The measures in place will significantly impact business and transport in the country. Increased police presence is likely in public places to help enforce the restrictions. All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by the government of the Dominican Republic correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Strictly heed the instructions of authorities. Avoid all nonessential operations in the areas impacted by the measures. Confirm appointments. Remain courteous and cooperative if approached and questioned by law enforcement officers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

World Health Organisation (WHO):

Dominican Republic - COVID-19 updates:

Dominican Republic - Decrees on restrictions