Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Djibouti extend nationwide restriction measures at least through April 28 to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease.

This alert affects Djibouti

This alert began 15 Apr 2020 14:00 GMT and is scheduled to expire 28 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 related restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 28
  • Impact: Transport and business disruptions

Summary
Djiboutian authorities have reportedly extended the country's existing nationwide restrictive measures through at least April 28 to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The measures include the following:

  • All residents are required to remain at home unless obtaining or providing essential goods or services from grocery stores or pharmacies.
  • Closure of all land, sea, and air borders, including the suspension of Djibouti-Addis Ababa railroad service,, are in place. Cargo and humanitarian flights and vessels are not affected by the restrictions.
  • Mosques and other places of worship, bars, and night clubs, schools and universities are closed.
  • Leave is being given for nonessential government staff, and public transportation is limited.


Officials may amend health and travel measures in the coming weeks in response to government threat assessments.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by Djibouti correspond with similar actions taken by other governments globally in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo. Avoid all demonstrations.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int

The Presidency: www.presidence.dj