Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Chile amend restrictions to stem the spread of COVID-19 April 9. Nationwide 2200-0500 curfew remains in effect.

This alert affects Chile

This alert began 10 Apr 2020 02:41 GMT and is scheduled to expire 30 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Start Time/Date: Indefinite
  • Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions, increased security

Summary
Multiple travel, movement, and other restrictions on the national and local levels remain in effect in Chile as of April 9 to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Officials may alter these measures with little-to-no notice, depending on disease activity.

Nationwide

Officials have extended a banned on the entry of nonresident foreign nationals in the country. They are permitted to leave the country, but flights are likely to be limited.

A nightly 2200-0500 indefinite curfew is currently in effect during which residents are to remain in homes. Persons above the age of 80 may not leave their homes at any time. Moreover, authorities have banned nonresident foreign nationals from entering the country. Returning Chilean citizens and residents are subject to a 14-day quarantine period. Events with more than 50 people are also prohibited; all theaters, bars, and public gymnasiums remain closed. Restaurants may only operate on a delivery or pickup basis; seated dining remains banned.

Individuals diagnosed with COVID-19 must remain quarantined for 14 days or until they no longer present symptoms, whichever is longer. Anyone having had at least 15 minutes of direct contact with a person diagnosed with COVID-19, as well as anyone who has spent two or more hours with someone diagnosed with COVID-19, must likewise remain in quarantine for at least 14 days.

All people using public or private transport are required to wear a mask that covers their mouth and nose. This requirement lasts indefinitely.

Santiago Metropolitan Region

The Santiago Metropolitan Region is cordoned off until 2200 April 12; entry into and exit from the region remain prohibited during that time.

The Las Condes borough is under quarantine until 0500 April 16, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

The Lo Barnechea, Nunoa, Providencia, Santiago, and Vitacura boroughs are under quarantine until 0500 April 13, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

The neighborhoods north of Avenida Grecia near the borough of Nunoa are under quarantine until 0500 April 16, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

The neighborhoods west of the borough of Puente Alto are under quarantine until 2200 April 16, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

Bio-Bio Region

The Concepcion metropolitan area will remain cordoned off through at least April 12; entry into and exit from the area remain prohibited.

The municipalities of Hualpen and San Pedro de la Paz are cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave. Additionally, Hualpen and San Pedro de la Paz are under quarantine until 0500 April 16, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

La Araucania Region

The municipalities of Padre Las Casas and Temuco are under quarantine until 0500 April 16, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services. Additionally, the Padre Las Casas and Temuco areas remain cordoned off indefinitely; entry into and exit from these two areas remains prohibited.

Residents of the Nueva Imperial municipal area must remain in their homes through 2200 April 16.

Authorities have banned all public events with more than 200 attendees until Dec. 31.

Los Lagos Region

Chiloe Province remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave.

The municipality of Osorno is under quarantine until 0500 April 16, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services; entry into and exit from the town remain prohibited.

Magallanes Region

The Punta Arenas municipal area is under quarantine until 0500 April 16, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services. Additionally, Punta Arenas has remains cordoned off; entry into and exit is prohibited.

The municipality of Puerto Williams has been cordoned off until 2200 April 13; entry into and exit is prohibited.

Nuble Region

The municipalities of Chillan and Chillan Viejo are under quarantine until 0500 April 16, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services. Additionally, the Chillan and Chillan Viejo metropolitan areas remain indefinitely cordoned off; entry into and exit from these two areas remain prohibited.

Valparaiso Region

Easter Island is subject to an indefinite 1400-0500 curfew during which all residents must stay in their homes.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by the Chilean government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int

Resolutions on COVID-19 measures: diariooficial.interior.gob.cl