Severity: Critical Alert
Entry/Exit: Authorities in Chile amend restrictions on May 5 to stem the spread of COVID-19. Nationwide 2200-0500 curfew remains in effect.
This alert affects Chile
This alert began 05 May 2020 16:25 GMT and is scheduled to expire 13 May 2020 06:59 GMT.
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions, increased security
Chile has amended travel, movement, and other restrictions on May 5 that are in force on the national and local levels as part of the country's effort to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19).
Nonresident foreign nationals are banned from entering the country. Such persons are permitted to leave Chile, but flights are likely to be limited. Returning Chilean citizens and residents are subject to a 14-day quarantine period, and people entering the country must fill out an affidavit about their health and undergo a health screening.
A nightly 2200-0500 curfew is currently in effect indefinitely; residents must remain in their homes during curfew hours. Persons above the age of 80 may not leave their homes at any time. Events with more than 50 people are also prohibited; all theaters, bars, and public gymnasiums remain closed. Restaurants may only operate for delivery or carry-out; seated dining remains banned.
Individuals diagnosed with COVID-19 must remain quarantined for 14 days or until they no longer present symptoms, whichever is longer. All persons who have had at least 15 minutes of face-to-face contact with someone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19, as well as anyone who has spent two or more hours in a home, hotel, or office with someone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19, must likewise remain in quarantine for at least 14 days.
All persons are required to wear protective face masks in most vehicles and buildings, including stores, schools, airports, factories, and offices. Under the regulation, improvised masks may be used in place of medical-grade masks so long as they cover both the nose and mouth.
Santiago Metropolitan Region
A quarantine only allowing residents to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services has been declared in the following areas until 2200 May 7:
- The northern portion of the borough of Santiago, specifically the area that lies north of Avenida Manuel Antonio Matta, Avenida Almirante Manuel Blanco Encalada, Calle Arica, and Calle 5 de Abril
- The northern portion of the borough of Nunoa, specifically the part of the borough that lies north of Avenida Grecia
- The neighborhoods west of the borough of Puente Alto
- The borough of El Bosque
- The northeastern portion of the borough of San Bernardo, specifically the area within San Bernardo that lies north of Avenida Colon and east of the Central Highway (Route 5 South)
- The borough of Quinta Normal
- The borough of Pedro Aguirre Cerda
- The borough of Independencia
- The borough of Estacion Central
- The southern portion of San Roman, specifically the portion of San Roman south of Avenida Americo Vespucio
- The northern portion of La Pintana, specifically the area north of Avenida El Observatorio
Additionally, a quarantine has been declared in the following areas from 2200 May 5-2200 May 12:
- The borough of Cerrillos
- The borough of Recoleta
- The western portion of the borough of Quilicura, specifically the area west of the railroad tracks
Checkpoints have been established near the borders of the Province of Santiago and the Borough of Puente Alto, and all persons crossing such checkpoints must undergo a health screening and present a sworn affidavit about their health and travel history.
The boroughs of Antofagasta and Mejillones will be under quarantine 2200 May 5-2200 May 2.
The municipality of Arica is under quarantine until 2200 May 7.
Persons entering the region from Los Lagos must undergo a health screening and present a sworn affidavit about their health and travel history at established checkpoints.
Persons entering the region from Valparaiso Region must undergo a health screening and present a sworn affidavit about their health and travel history at established checkpoints.
La Araucania Region
The urban areas of the boroughs of Angol and Victoria will be under quarantine 2200 April 30-2200 May 7.
The Padre Las Casas and Temuco areas remain cordoned off indefinitely; entry into and exit from these two areas remain prohibited.
Authorities have banned all public events with more than 200 attendees until Dec. 31.
Los Lagos Region
Chiloe Province remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave.
Osorno remains cordoned off indefinitely; entry into and exit from the area are prohibited.
Persons entering or exiting the region must undergo a health screening and present a sworn affidavit about their health and travel history at established checkpoints.
Persons entering Chiloe Island from any point of departure must undergo a health screening and present a sworn affidavit about their health and travel history.
Public transportation throughout the region may only operate at 50-percent capacity, and the number of passengers allowed in taxis is restricted.
The Punta Arenas municipal area is under quarantine until 2200 May 7, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services. Additionally, Punta Arenas remains cordoned off; entry into and exit from the city are prohibited.
The city of Puerto Williams remains cordoned off; entry into and exit from the city are prohibited.
Persons must undergo a health screening and present a sworn affidavit about their health and travel history at established checkpoints throughout the Straight of Magellan area,
Checkpoints have been set up on Route J-30, Route J-60, Route J-70I, Route M-80, Route M-910, Route 5 South, and Route 126. All persons crossing the checkpoints are required to have their temperature taken and submit to any further medical examination authorities deem necessary to check for symptoms of COVID-19.
Additionally, authorities have banned events of 50 or more people and prohibited all religious gatherings.
Easter Island is subject to an indefinite 1400-0500 curfew, during which all residents must stay in their homes.
All measures are subject to change at short notice.
Background and Analysis
The measures taken by the Chilean government are similar to actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.