Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Chile amend restrictions intended to stem the spread of COVID-19 May 22. Nationwide 2200-0500 curfew remains in effect.

This alert affects Chile

This alert began 23 May 2020 00:31 GMT and is scheduled to expire 30 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions, increased security

Summary
As of May 22, Chile has amended its travel, movement, and other restrictions on national and local levels as part of the country's effort to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

Nationwide
Authorities have banned nonresident foreign nationals from entering the country. Such persons are permitted to leave Chile, but flights are likely to be limited. Returning Chilean citizens and residents are subject to a 14-day quarantine period, and people entering the country must fill out an affidavit about their health and undergo health screenings.

A nightly 2200-0500 curfew is currently in effect indefinitely; residents must remain in their homes during curfew hours. Persons above the age of 75 may not leave their homes at any time. Events with more than 50 people are also prohibited; all theaters, bars, and public gymnasiums remain closed. Restaurants may only operate for delivery or carry-out; seated dining remains banned.

Individuals diagnosed with COVID-19 must remain quarantined for 14 days or until they no longer present symptoms, whichever is longer. Anyone who had at least 15 minutes of face-to-face contact or had spent two or more hours at home, in a hotel, or office, with a person diagnosed with COVID-19, must likewise remain in quarantine for at least 14 days.

All persons are required to wear protective face masks in most vehicles and buildings, including stores, schools, airports, factories, and offices. Under the regulation, improvised masks may be used in place of medical-grade masks so long as they cover both the nose and mouth.

Santiago Metropolitan Region
A quarantine is in force in several areas of the region, during which residents are only allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

The following areas will be under quarantine until 2200 May 29:

  • The province of Santiago
  • The borough of Buin
  • The borough of Colina
  • The borough of Lampa
  • The borough of Padre Hurtado
  • The borough of Puente Alto
  • The borough of San Bernardo


Authorities have established checkpoints near the borders of the Santiago Province and the boroughs of Buin, Colina, Lampa, Padre Hurtado, Puente Alto, and San Bernardo. All persons crossing such checkpoints must undergo a health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history.

The Metropolitan Region will be cordoned off 1800 May 20-2200 May 24, with no one being allowed to enter or leave except those with a safe-conduct pass.

Antofagasta Region
The boroughs of Antofagasta and Mejillones are under quarantine until 2200 May 29.

Aysen Region
Persons entering the region from Los Lagos must undergo a health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history at established checkpoints.

Bio-Bio Region
The greater Concepcion metropolitan area will be cordoned off 1800 May 20-2200 May 24, with no one being allowed to enter or leave except those with a safe-conduct pass.

Coquimbo Region
Persons entering the region from Valparaiso Region must undergo a health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history at established checkpoints.

La Araucania Region
The Padre Las Casas and Temuco areas remain cordoned off indefinitely, with no one being allowed to enter or leave except those with a safe-conduct pass.

The borough of Lonquimay will be under quarantine 2200 May 22-2200 May 29.

Authorities have banned all public events with more than 200 attendees until Dec. 31.

Los Lagos Region
Chiloe Province remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave except those with a safe-conduct pass.

Osorno remains cordoned off indefinitely, with no one being allowed to enter or leave except those with a safe-conduct pass.

Persons entering or exiting the region must undergo a health screening and present an affidavit attesting to their health and travel history at established checkpoints.

Persons entering Chiloe Island from any point of departure must undergo a health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history.

Persons entering or exiting Ancud must undergo a health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history.

Public transportation throughout the region may only operate at 50 percent capacity, and the number of passengers allowed in taxis is restricted.

Magallanes Region
Punta Arenas remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave except those with a safe-conduct pass.

The city of Puerto Williams remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave except those with a safe-conduct pass.

Persons entering the region must undergo a health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history at established checkpoints throughout the Straight of Magellan area.

Maule Region
Authorities have set up checkpoints on Route J-30, Route J-60, Route J-70I, Route M-80, Route M-910, Route 5 South, and Route 126. All persons crossing the checkpoints are required to have their temperature taken and submit to any further medical examination authorities deem necessary to check for symptoms of COVID-19.

Additionally, authorities have banned events of 50 or more people and prohibited all religious gatherings.

Tarapaca Region
The boroughs of Alto Hospicio and Iquique are under quarantine until 2200 May 29.

Valparaiso Region
The borough of San Antonio will be indefinitely cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave except those with a safe-conduct pass.

Authorities have established checkpoints near the city limits of Valparaiso and Vina del Mar, and all residents of the Santiago Metropolitan Region must undergo a health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history to cross such checkpoints.

All persons traveling to Easter Island must undergo a health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history.

All measures are subject to change at short notice.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by the Chilean government are similar to actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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