Severity: Critical Alert

Exit/Entry: Chile amends COVID-19 restrictions as of July 28, adding two phases of quarantines. Nationwide 2200-0500 curfew remains in effect.

  • Alert Begins: 29 Jul 2020 01:04 AM UTC
  • Alert Expires: 10 Aug 2020 11:59 PM UTC
  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions, increased security

Summary
As of July 28, Chile has amended its existing travel, movement, and other restrictions on the national and local levels as part of its effort to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Quarantines are now in two phases under the new regulations. In Phase-1 quarantines, all persons must remain in their homes every day unless they have a safe-conduct pass. In Phase-2 quarantines, all persons must remain in their homes on Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays unless they have a safe-conduct pass.

Nationwide
Authorities have banned nonresident foreign nationals from entering the country. Such persons are permitted to leave Chile, but flights are likely to be limited. Returning Chilean citizens and residents are subject to a 14-day quarantine period; persons entering the country must fill out health affidavits and undergo health screenings.

A nightly 2200-0500 curfew is currently in effect indefinitely; residents must remain in their homes during curfew hours. Persons above the age of 75 must remain in their homes; exceptions are made for some limited outings according to a schedule and depending on COVID-19 activity level in the area. Events with more than 50 people are also prohibited; all theaters, bars, and public gymnasiums remain closed. Restaurants may only operate for delivery or carry-out services; seated dining remains banned.

Individuals diagnosed with COVID-19 must remain quarantined for 14 days or until they no longer present symptoms, whichever is longer. Anyone who has had at least 15 minutes of face-to-face contact or spent two or more hours at home or in a hotel or office with a person diagnosed with COVID-19 must likewise remain in quarantine for at least 14 days.

All persons are required to wear protective face coverings in all public buildings. Additionally, all persons must wear face coverings any time they are in any public space, engaged in public or private transport, or are in an elevator, no matter how many other people are nearby. Improvised masks may be used in place of medical-grade masks so long as they cover both the nose and mouth.

All persons are required to maintain a distance of at least 1 meter (3.3 feet) from all other persons, except for when they are in a vehicle or private residence, when they are engaged in work or other activities that are impossible to carry out while maintaining such a distance, or when a physical barrier separates them from others.

All workplaces are required to be cleaned and disinfected at least once a day, and all tools and other items used by workers must be cleaned at least once a day and every time a new employee uses them.

Santiago Metropolitan Region
The following areas are under a Phase-1 quarantine:

 

  • The province of Santiago except for the areas under a Phase-2 quarantine

 

  • The borough of Buin

 

  • The borough of Calera de Tango

 

  • The urban areas of the borough of Curacavi

 

  • The borough of El Monte

 

  • The borough of Isla de Maipo

 

  • The borough of Lampa

 

  • The urban areas of the borough of Melipilla

 

  • The borough of Padre Hurtado

 

  • The borough of Penaflor

 

  • The borough of Puente Alto

 

  • The borough of San Bernardo

 

  • The urban areas of the borough of San Jose de Maipo

 

  • The borough of Talagante

 


The following areas are under a Phase-2 quarantine:

 

  • The borough of Vitacura

 

  • The borough of Las Condes

 

  • The borough of Lo Barnechea

 

  • The borough of Nunoa

 

  • The borough of La Reina

 

  • The borough of Colina

 

  • The borough of Til Til

 


The borough of Pirque is indefinitely cordoned off, with entry and exit prohibited except for those with a safe-conduct pass.

Authorities have established checkpoints near the borders of Santiago Province and the boroughs of Buin, Colina, Lampa, Padre Hurtado, Puente Alto, and San Bernardo. Any person crossing such checkpoints must undergo health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history.

Antofagasta Region
Calama and the urban areas of Antofagasta, Tocopilla, and Mejillones are under a Phase-1 quarantine.

Arica Region
The urban area of the borough of Arica is under a Phase-1 quarantine.

Atacama Region
The borough of Copiapo is under a Phase-1 quarantine.

Aysen Region
Aysen Region is indefinitely cordoned off, with entry and exit prohibited, except for persons with a safe-conduct pass. Persons entering the region from Los Lagos must undergo health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history at established checkpoints.

Coquimbo Region
The boroughs of Coquimbo and La Serena will be under a Phase-1 quarantine effective 2200 July 29. Persons entering from Valparaiso Region must undergo health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history at established checkpoints.

Los Lagos Region
Puerto Montt will be under a Phase-1 quarantine effective 2200 July 29.

Chiloe Province remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave, except those with a safe-conduct pass.

Persons entering or exiting the region must undergo health screening and present an affidavit attesting to their health and travel history at established checkpoints.

Persons entering Chiloe Island from any point of departure must undergo health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history.

Persons entering or exiting Ancud must undergo health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history.

Public transportation throughout the region may only operate at 50-percent capacity; the number of passengers allowed in taxis remains restricted.

Los Rios Region
Los Rios Region is indefinitely cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave, except those with a safe-conduct pass.

Magallanes Region
The urban area of Punta Arenas remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave, except those with a safe-conduct pass.

The city of Puerto Williams remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave, except those with a safe-conduct pass.

Persons entering the region must undergo health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history at established checkpoints throughout the Strait of Magellan area.

Maule Region
The borough of Curico is under a Phase-1 quarantine.

Authorities have set up checkpoints on Route J-30, Route J-60, Route J-70, Route M-80, Route M-910, Route 5 South, and Route 126. All persons crossing the checkpoints must have their temperature taken and submit to any further medical examination authorities deem necessary to check for symptoms of COVID-19.

Additionally, authorities have banned events of 50 or more people and prohibited all religious gatherings.

O'Higgins Region
The boroughs of Graneros, Machali, Rancagua, and Rengo are under a Phase-1 quarantine.

Tarapaca Region
The boroughs of Alto Hospicio, Iquique, and Pozo Almonte are under a Phase-1 quarantine.

Valparaiso Region
The borough of La Calera, La Cruz, Los Andes, and Quillota, Valparaiso and Vina del Mar are under a Phase-1 quarantine. Authorities have established checkpoints near the city limits of Valparaiso and Vina del Mar, and all residents of the Santiago Metropolitan Region must undergo health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history before being allowed to cross such checkpoints.

San Felipe and San Antonio are under a Phase-2 quarantine. San Antonio is also indefinitely cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave except those with a safe-conduct pass.

All persons traveling to Easter Island must undergo health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history.

All measures are subject to change at short notice.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by the Chilean government are similar to actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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