Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Chile amend restrictions to stem the spread of COVID-19 April 4. Nationwide 2200-0500 curfew remains in effect.

This alert affects Chile

This alert began 04 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT and is scheduled to expire 15 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-related restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Start Time/Date: Indefinite
  • Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions; increased security

Summary
Multiple travel, movement, and other restrictions on the national and local levels remain in effect in Chile as of April 1 to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Officials may alter these measures with little-to-no notice, depending on disease activity.

Nationwide

An indefinite curfew is currently in effect nightly 2200-0500. Residents are prohibited from leaving their homes during between these hours. Persons above the age of 80 may not leave their homes at any time. Moreover, authorities have banned nonresident foreign nationals from entering the country. Returning Chilean citizens and residents are subject to a 14-day quarantine period. Events with more than 50 people are also prohibited; all theaters, bars, and public gymnasiums remain closed. Restaurants may only operate on a delivery or pickup basis; seated dining is banned.

Individuals who have been diagnosed with COVID-19 must remain quarantined for 14 days or until they no longer present symptoms, whichever is longer. Anyone having had at least 15 minutes of direct contact with a person diagnosed with COVID-19, as well as anyone who has spent two or more hours with someone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19, must likewise remain in quarantine for at least 14 days.

Santiago Metropolitan Region

The Santiago Metropolitan Region will be cordoned off 1800 April 9 to 2200 April 12; entry into and exit from the region will be prohibited during that time.

Residents of the Independencia, Las Condes, Lo Barnechea, Nunoa, Providencia, Santiago, and Vitacura boroughs must remain in their homes until 2200 April 9. Officials may extend the measure.

Bio-Bio Region

The Concepcion metropolitan area will be cordoned off 1800 April 9 to 2200 April 12; entry into and exit from the area will be prohibited during that time.

The municipality of San Pedro de la Paz is cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave.

La Araucania Region

The municipalities of Padre Las Casas and Temuco are under quarantine until 2200 April 11, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services. Additionally, the Padre Las Casas and Temuco areas have been cordoned off indefinitely; entry into and exit from these two areas are prohibited.

Los Lagos Region

Chiloe Province remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave.

The municipality of Osorno is under quarantine until 2200 April 6, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services. Osorno has also been cordoned off; entry into and exit from the town are prohibited.

Magallanes Region

The Punta Arenas municipal area is under quarantine until 2200 April 8, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

Nuble Region

The municipalities of Chillan and Chillan Viejo are under quarantine until 2200 April 6, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services. Additionally, the Chillan and Chillan Viejo metropolitan areas are indefinitely cordoned off; entry into and exit from these two areas are prohibited.

Valparaiso Region

Easter Island is under quarantine until 0000 April 17, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services. Additionally, Easter Island is subject to an indefinite 1400-0500 curfew during which all residents must stay in their homes.

Puerto Williams is under an indefinite quarantine, and residents may only leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by the Chilean government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organisation (WHO): www.who.int

Resolution on COVID-19 measures: diariooficial.interior.gob.cl

Resolution on cordoning of Santiago: diariooficial.interior.gob.cl

Resolution on additional measures: diariooficial.interior.gob.cl