Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: Officials in Chile amend coronavirus-related restrictions as of Sept. 17. Broadened curfew, other modified restrictions in effect.
Alert Begins 18 Sep 2020 12:41 AM UTC
Alert Expires 30 Sep 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions, increased security
Officials in Chile have amended national and local restrictions put in place to curb the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as of Sept. 17. As part of the most recent changes, authorities have imposed an expanded curfew and cordoned off some municipalities Sept. 17-20 to prevent gatherings celebrating the Sept. 18 Independence Day.
Authorities also extended and modified other measures; specific restrictions vary by location and intensity based on local disease activity. A two-phase quarantine system remains in effect. In areas under Phase-1 quarantines, all individuals must remain in their homes every day unless they possess a safe-conduct pass. For those under Phase-2 quarantines, individuals must stay in their homes only on Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, unless they have a safe-conduct pass.
Temporary Independence Day Measures
A broadened 2100-0500 nightly curfew is in effect nationwide Sept. 17-20. Authorities have prohibited travel between regions during this time frame. They have also cordoned off the following areas and banned entry and exit to those who do not have a safe-conduct pass:
- Metropolitan Santiago Region
- The greater Concepcion metropolitan area
- The greater Valparaiso metropolitan area
- The region of Valparaiso
- The area composed of the boroughs of Temuco and Padre las Casas
Authorities have banned nonresident foreign nationals from entering the country. Such persons are permitted to leave Chile, but international flight options are limited. Returning Chilean citizens and residents are subject to a 14-day quarantine period. Individuals entering the country must fill out health affidavits and undergo medical screenings.
A nightly 2300-0500 curfew is in effect indefinitely; residents must remain in their homes during curfew hours. Anyone over the age of 75 must stay in their home; exceptions are in place for limited outings and depending on COVID-19 activity level in the area. Events with more than 50 people remain prohibited. Nonessential businesses, including theaters, bars, and public gymnasiums, are closed until further notice. Restaurants may only operate for delivery or carry-out services; seated dining remains banned.
Individuals diagnosed with COVID-19 must quarantine for 14 days or until they no longer present symptoms, whichever is longer. Anyone who has had at least 15 minutes of face-to-face contact or prolonged exposure (two or more hours in a shared home, hotel, or office) with a person confirmed to have COVID-19 must quarantine for at least 14 days.
All persons must wear protective face coverings while in public, including in parks, on mass transit vehicles, and in elevators. Health officials recommend medical-grade masks, but improvised or homemade coverings are permitted as long as they cover both the nose and mouth.
All persons must adhere to social-distancing measures, keeping at least 1 meter (3 feet) away from other individuals. Exceptions are in place for individuals sharing vehicles and residences or engaged in work or other activities where maintaining such a distance is impossible.
Cleaning and disinfecting of all workplaces must occur at least once daily. Moreover, the cleaning of all tools and other items used by workers must happen each time a different employee uses them, and no less than once a day.
Santiago Metropolitan Region
The following areas are under a Phase-1 quarantine:
- The province of Santiago (except for the areas under a Phase-2 quarantine)
- The borough of Buin
- The borough of Paine
- The borough of Puente Alto
The following areas are under a Phase-2 quarantine:
- The borough of Calera de Tango
- The borough of Cerrillos
- The borough of Colina
- The borough of Curacavi
- The borough of El Bosque (effective 0500 Sept. 21)
- The borough of El Monte
- The borough of Estacion Central
- The borough of Huechuraba
- The borough of Independencia (effective 0500 Sept. 21)
- The borough of Isla de Maipo
- The borough of La Cisterna
- The borough of La Florida
- The borough of La Granja
- The borough of Lampa
- The borough of Las Condes
- The borough of Lo Barnechea
- The borough of Macul
- The borough of Maipu
- The borough of Melipilla
- The borough of Nunoa
- The borough of Padre Hurtado
- The borough of Pedro Aguirre Cerda
- The borough of Penaflor
- The borough of Penalolen
- The borough of Providencia
- The borough of Pudahuel (effective 0500 Sept. 21)
- The borough of Quilicura
- The borough of Recoleta
- The borough of San Bernardo
- The borough of San Joaquin
- The urban areas of the borough of San Jose de Maipo
- The borough of San Miguel
- The borough of San Ramon
- The borough of Santiago
- The borough of Talagante
- The borough of Til Til
- The borough of Vitacura
The border between Pirque and Puente Alto has been cordoned off, with transit between the two boroughs prohibited, except for persons in possession of a safe-conduct pass.
Authorities have established checkpoints near the borders of Santiago Province and the boroughs of Buin, Colina, Lampa, Padre Hurtado, Puente Alto, and San Bernardo. Any person crossing these checkpoints must undergo health screening and present an affidavit detailing their health and travel history.
The urban areas of Antofagasta and Mejillones are under a Phase-1 quarantine. Calama and Tocopilla are under a Phase-2 quarantine.
The urban area of the borough of Arica is under a Phase-1 quarantine.
The boroughs of Copiapo and Vallenar are under a Phase-1 quarantine.
The borough of Tierra Amarilla is under a Phase-1 quarantine.
Aysen Region is indefinitely cordoned off, with entry and exit prohibited except for persons in possession of a safe-conduct pass. Persons entering the region from Los Lagos must undergo health screening and present an affidavit detailing their health and travel history at established checkpoints.
The boroughs of Chiguayante, Concepcion, Coronel, Curanilahue, Hualpen, Lebu, Los Alamos, Lota, Penco, San Pedro de la Paz, Talcahuano, and Tome are under a Phase-1 quarantine.
Authorities have placed a cordon on the border of Concepcion and Penco boroughs, and prohibited transit between the two; the same cordon and transit ban are also in effect for Coronel and San Pedro de la Paz boroughs.
The boroughs of Coquimbo, La Serena, and Ovalle are under a Phase-1 quarantine. Persons entering from Valparaiso Region must undergo health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history at established checkpoints.
Los Lagos Region
Maullin and Puerto Montt are under a Phase-1 quarantine.
Chiloe Province remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave except for persons in possession of a safe-conduct pass.
Persons entering or exiting the region must undergo health screening and present an affidavit attesting to their health and travel history at established checkpoints.
Persons entering Chiloe Island from any point of departure must undergo health screening and present an affidavit detailing their health and travel history.
Persons entering or exiting Ancud must undergo health screening and present an affidavit detailing their health and travel history.
Public transportation throughout the region may only operate at 50-percent capacity; the number of passengers allowed in taxis remains restricted.
Los Rios Region
Los Rios Region is indefinitely cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave, except for persons in possession of a safe-conduct pass.
The boroughs of Natales, Porvenir, and Punta Arenas are under a Phase-1 quarantine. The urban area of Punta Arenas remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave, except for persons in possession of a safe-conduct pass.
The city of Puerto Williams remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave, except for persons in possession of a safe-conduct pass.
Persons entering the region must undergo health screening and present an affidavit detailing their health and travel history at established checkpoints throughout the Strait of Magellan area.
The boroughs of Licanten, Linares, Molina, and San Clemente are under a Phase-1 quarantine, as is the urban area of the borough of Longavi. The boroughs of Curico and Talca are under a Phase-2 quarantine.
Authorities have set up checkpoints on Route J-30, Route J-60, Route J-70, Route M-80, Route M-910, Route 5 South, and Route 126. All persons crossing the checkpoints must have their temperature taken and submit to any further medical examination authorities deem necessary to check for symptoms of COVID-19.
Additionally, authorities have banned events of 50 or more people and prohibited all religious gatherings.
Pichidegua, Rengo, and San Vicente de Tagua Tagua are under a Phase-1 quarantine. Graneros, San Fernando, Machali, Rancagua are in a Phase-2 quarantine.
The boroughs of Alto Hospicio, Iquique, and Pozo Almonte are under a Phase-1 quarantine.
The borough of La Calera, La Cruz, and Valparaiso and Vina del Mar are under a Phase-1 quarantine. The boroughs of Los Andes and Quillota are under a Phase-2 quarantine. Authorities have established checkpoints near the city limits of Valparaiso and Vina del Mar. All residents of the Santiago Metropolitan Region must undergo health screening and present an affidavit attesting to their health and travel history before they can cross such checkpoints.
San Felipe and San Antonio are under a Phase-2 quarantine. San Antonio is also cordoned off indefinitely, with no one being allowed to enter or leave except for persons in possession of a safe-conduct pass.
All persons traveling to Easter Island must undergo health screening and present an affidavit attesting to their health and travel history.
Authorities could reimpose, extend, further ease, or otherwise amend any restrictions with little-to-no notice depending on disease activity over the coming weeks.
Background and Analysis
The measures taken by the Chilean government are similar to actions taken by other regional governments in response to the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.