Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Chile amend restrictions to stem the spread of coronavirus April 29. Nationwide 2200-0500 curfew remains in effect.

This alert affects Chile

This alert began 29 Apr 2020 21:14 GMT and is scheduled to expire 08 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions, increased security

Summary
Chile has amended travel, movement, and other restrictions that are in force on the national and local levels as part of the country's effort to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The measures below are in place as of April 29.

Nationwide

Nonresident foreign nationals are banned from entering the country. Such persons are permitted to leave Chile, but flights are likely to be limited. Returning Chilean citizens and residents are subject to a 14-day quarantine period.

A nightly 2200-0500 curfew is currently in effect indefinitely; residents must remain in their homes during curfew hours. Persons above the age of 80 may not leave their homes at any time. Events with more than 50 people are also prohibited; all theaters, bars, and public gymnasiums remain closed. Restaurants may only operate on a delivery or carry-out basis; seated dining remains banned.

Individuals diagnosed with COVID-19 must remain quarantined for 14 days or until they no longer present symptoms, whichever is longer. All persons who have had at least 15 minutes of face-to-face contact with someone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19, as well as anyone who has spent two or more hours in a home, hotel, or office with someone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19, must likewise remain in quarantine for at least 14 days.

All persons are required to wear protective face masks in most vehicles and buildings, including stores, schools, airports, factories, and offices. Under the regulation, improvised masks may be used in place of medical-grade masks so long as they cover both the nose and mouth.

Santiago Metropolitan Region

A quarantine has been declared following areas until 2200 May 7, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services:

  • The northern portion of the borough of Santiago, specifically the part of the borough that lies north of Avenida Manuel Antonio Matta, Avenida Almirante Manuel Blanco Encalada, Calle Arica, and Calle 5 de Abril
  • The northern portion of the borough of Nunoa, specifically the part of the borough that lies north of Avenida Grecia
  • The neighborhoods west of the borough of Puente Alto
  • The borough of El Bosque
  • The northeastern portion of the borough of San Bernardo, specifically the area within San Bernardo that lies north of Avenida Colon and east of the Central Highway (Route 5 South)
  • The borough of Quinta Normal
  • The borough of Pedro Aguirre Cerda
  • The borough of Independencia. While the portion of Independencia south of Calle Enrique Soro, Calle Gamero, and Calle Santos Dumont, is currently under quarantine, the rest of the borough will be quarantined beginning 2200 April 30.
  • The borough of Estacion Central beginning 2200 April 30
  • The southern portion of San Roman, specifically the portion of San Roman south of Avenida Americo Vespucio, beginning 2200 April 30
  • The northern portion of La Pintana, specifically the area north of Avenida El Observatorio, beginning 2200 April 30


Additionally, the entire Santiago Metropolitan Region will be cordoned off 1800 April 30-2200 May 3; entry into and exit from the region will be prohibited.

Arica Region

The municipality of Arica is under quarantine until 2200 May 7.

Bio-Bio Region

The Concepcion metropolitan area will be cordoned off 1800 April 30-2200 May 3; entry into and exit from the area will be prohibited.

La Araucania Region

The urban areas of the boroughs of Angol and Victoria will be under quarantine 2200 April 30-2200 May 7. The municipality of Temuco is under quarantine until 2200 April 30; authorities have indicated the Temuco quarantine will not be extended.

The Padre Las Casas and Temuco areas remain cordoned off indefinitely; entry into and exit from these two areas remain prohibited.

Authorities have banned all public events with more than 200 attendees until Dec. 31.

Los Lagos Region

Chiloe Province remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave.

The Osorno municipal area is under quarantine until 2200 April 30. Authorities have indicated that the quarantine will be lifted at the end of this period. However, Osorno remains cordoned off indefinitely; entry into and exit from the area are prohibited.

Public transportation throughout the region may only operate at 50 percent capacity, and the number of passengers allowed in taxis is restricted.

Magallanes Region

The Punta Arenas municipal area is under quarantine until 2200 May 7, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services. Additionally, Punta Arenas remains cordoned off; entry into and exit from the city are prohibited.

The city of Puerto Williams remains cordoned off; entry into and exit from the city are prohibited.

Maule Region

Checkpoints have been set up on Route J-30, Route J-60, Route J-70I, Route M-80, Route M-910, Route 5 South, and Route 126. All persons crossing the checkpoints are required to have their temperature taken and submit to any further medical examination authorities deem necessary to check for symptoms of COVID-19.

Additionally, authorities have banned events of 50 or more people and prohibited all religious gatherings.

Nuble Region

The Chillan and Chillan Viejo metropolitan areas are cordoned off until 2200 May 3; entry into and exit from these two areas are prohibited until that time. Authorities have indicated that the cordons will be lifted after 2200 May 3.

Valparaiso Region

Easter Island is subject to an indefinite 1400-0500 curfew, during which all residents must stay in their homes.

All measures are subject to change at short notice.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by the Chilean government are similar to actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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