Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Chile amend restrictions to stem the spread of coronavirus April 17. Nationwide 2200-0500 curfew remains in effect.

This alert affects Chile

This alert began 17 Apr 2020 18:11 GMT and is scheduled to expire 25 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions, increased security

Summary
On April 17, authorities in Chile have amended a number of the travel, movement, and other restrictions that are in force on the national and local levels as part of the country's effort to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). While the COVID-19-related regulations may change with little to no notice depending on disease activity, the following measures remain in place as of April 17:

Nationwide

Officials have extended a ban on entry into the country by nonresident foreign nationals. Such persons are permitted to leave Chile, but flights are likely to be limited. Returning Chilean citizens and residents are subject to a 14-day quarantine period.

A nightly 2200-0500 curfew is currently in effect indefinitely; residents are to remain in homes during curfew hours. Persons above the age of 80 may not leave their homes at any time. Events with more than 50 people are also prohibited; all theaters, bars, and public gymnasiums remain closed. Restaurants may only operate on a delivery or pickup basis; seated dining remains banned.

Individuals diagnosed with COVID-19 must remain quarantined for 14 days or until they no longer present symptoms, whichever is longer. All people who have had at least 15 minutes of face-to-face contact with someone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19, as well as anyone who has spent two or more hours in a home, hotel, or office with someone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19, must likewise remain in quarantine for at least 14 days.

Until further notice, all persons are required to wear masks in most vehicles and buildings, including stores, schools, airports, factories, and offices. Under the regulation, improvised masks may be used in place of medical-grade masks so long as they cover both the nose and mouth.

Santiago Metropolitan Region

The neighborhoods north of Avenida Grecia near the borough of Nunoa are under quarantine until 2200 April 23, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

The neighborhoods north of Avenida Manuel, Antonio Matta, Avenida Almirante Manuel Blanco Encalada, Calle Arica, and Calle 5 de Abril in the borough of Santiago are under quarantine until 2200 April 23, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

The neighborhoods west of the borough of Puente Alto are under quarantine until 2200 April 23, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

The El Bosque neighborhood of the borough of San Bernardo is under quarantine until 2200 April 23, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

Arica Region

The municipality of Arica is under quarantine until 2200 April 23, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

Bio-Bio Region

The municipalities of Hualpen and San Pedro de la Paz are cordoned off indefinitely, with no one being allowed to enter or leave.

La Araucania Region

The municipality of Temuco is under quarantine until 2200 April 23, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services.

The Padre Las Casas and Temuco areas remain cordoned off indefinitely; entry into and exit from these two areas remains prohibited.

Authorities have banned all public events with more than 200 attendees until Dec. 31.

Los Lagos Region

Chiloe Province remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave.

The municipality of Osorno is under quarantine until 2200 April 23, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services; entry into and exit from the town remain prohibited.

Magallanes Region

The Punta Arenas municipal area is under quarantine until 2200 April 23, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services. Additionally, Punta Arenas has remains cordoned off; entry into and exit is prohibited.

Nuble Region

The municipalities of Chillan and Chillan Viejo are under quarantine until 2200 April 23, with residents only being allowed to leave their homes to obtain or provide essential goods and services. Additionally, the Chillan and Chillan Viejo metropolitan areas remain indefinitely cordoned off; entry into and exit from these two areas remain prohibited.

Valparaiso Region

Easter Island is subject to an indefinite 1400-0500 curfew during which all residents must stay in their homes.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by the Chilean government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int

Resolutions on COVID-19 measures: diariooficial.interior.gob.cl