Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Chad impose nightly curfews in N'Djamena, various border regions April 2-16 to stem spread of COVID-19.

This alert affects Chad

This alert began 02 Apr 2020 13:33 GMT and is scheduled to expire 16 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through April
  • Impact: Travel and business disruptions

Summary
Authorities in Chad on April 2 announced additional measures to contain the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Authorities have imposed a 14-day nightly curfew in the capital N'Djamena, and in the Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mayo-kebbi Ouest, and Mayo-kebbi Est regions. The curfew will run from 1900-0600, and may be extended beyond April 16.

The measures update existing measures, including a suspension of international passenger flights at N'Djamena International Airport (NDJ) through April 10, excluding cargo shipments. Further extensions are likely.

Furthermore, the government issued a statement March 30 requesting that all nationals who recently entered the country observe a 14-day quarantine. The exact operating status of the land borders remains unclear; however, it is likely that significant restrictions and health screenings on entry are in force at official crossing points. Additional restrictions, including the suspension of state offices, a ban on large public gatherings, and the closure of nonessential businesses, has been in force for several days.

Authorities could impose additional requirements and restrictions based on disease activity throughout the country.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure, especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
French Embassy in Chad: https://td.ambafrance.org

World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int