Severity: Critical Alert
Entry/Exit: Authorities in Chad impose entry and exit ban, 2000-0500 curfew in N'Djamena and all provincial capitals through May 22 to combat COVID-19.
This alert affects Chad
This alert began 07 May 2020 12:48 GMT and is scheduled to expire 22 May 2020 23:59 GMT.
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Travel and business disruptions; heightened security
On May 6, authorities in Chad issued updated nationwide movement restrictions to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The updated measures include a 14-day ban on vehicles leaving or entering the capital, N'Djamena, and all provincial capitals nationwide starting May 8. Exceptions apply to freight and cargo vehicles that may enter N'Djamena after 2200. A maximum of four people may travel in a vehicle, including the driver. N'Djamena and all provincial capitals will also be subject to a nightly 2000-0500 curfew until at least May 22.
Existing measures include:
- Land borders have been closed, but freight transport is allowed.
- International passenger flights remain suspended through at least May 15; the measure does not apply to emergency and cargo flights.
- A 2000-0500 curfew in the Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mayo-Kebbi Ouest, Mayo-Kebbi Est regions.
- A ban on all public gatherings.
- A closure of nonessential businesses.
- Movement restrictions; residents are only allowed travel to perform essential tasks, such as purchasing groceries and obtaining medical treatment.
Failure to comply with the edicts will result in disciplinary action, including time in jail. Authorities could extend and impose additional curfews and restrictions based on disease activity throughout the country.
Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments elsewhere in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure, especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.