Severity: Critical Alert
Entry/Exit: Nightly curfew in Chad extended until at least June 9 due to COVID-19. Restrictive and social distancing measures remain in place.
This alert affects Chad
This alert began 27 May 2020 11:55 GMT and is scheduled to expire 05 Jun 2020 23:59 GMT.
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Travel and business disruptions; heightened security
Authorities in Chad extended the nightly curfew for N'Djamena and other major provinces through at least June 9 to slow the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The 2000-0500 affects N'Djamena, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mayo-Kebbi Ouest, Mayo-Kebbi Est regions; Mandelia and Lougoun sub-prefectures of Chari-Baguirmi Region; and N'Djamena Fara sub-prefecture of Hadjer-Lamis Region. During curfew hours, people outside their homes may be subject to questioning and arrest by police or military personnel. Only those participating in the provision of critical services may leave their homes during curfew hours.
Other restrictions and measures remain in place nationwide, including a ban on travel into and out of the capital, N'Djamena, and in all provincial capitals, until at least June 5. Restricted freight and cargo services can continue in and out of these cities. Commercial passenger flights remain suspended; the measure does not apply to emergency and cargo flights.
Authorities allowed the resumption of certain activities and businesses nationwide from May 21. Markets, nonessential shops, and takeaway restaurants have resumed operations, though businesses will have to adhere to social distancing and increased sanitation measures. Public transport services have also resumed, with limits on the number of passengers allowed in vehicles.
Failure to comply with edicts will result in disciplinary action, including fines and possible jail time. Authorities could extend and impose additional restrictions based on disease activity throughout the country.
Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure, especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.