Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Cambodia extends entry, visa restrictions indefinitely as of April 17 due to COVID-19. Interprovincial travel ban lifted.

This alert affects Cambodia

This alert began 17 Apr 2020 04:37 GMT and is scheduled to expire 08 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Entry bans, quarantine measures, longer immigration wait times

Summary
The government has extended an entry ban for foreigners with recent travel history to specific countries and a suspension of visa issuance indefinitely, as of April 17, to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Foreign nationals traveling from France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Spain, and the US will not be able to enter Cambodia until further notice. Issuance of tourist visas and e-visas, visa-on-arrival services, and visa exemption also remain suspended.

Foreign nationals intending to visit the country need to obtain a visa from their nearest Cambodian diplomatic mission. The foreign citizens must provide documentation of medical insurance worth at least USD50,000 and present a medical certificate from local health authorities stating they have not tested positive for COVID-19 within 72 hours of their departure. Diplomatic and official visa holders, including employees of international nongovernment organizations, are exempt from the requirements. Authorities are quarantining all arrivals into the country at designated facilities located at points of entry nationwide for 14 days.

All border checkpoints with Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam remain closed. The government has also banned cross-border travel for Cambodian and Vietnamese citizens.

At the domestic level, authorities lifted an interprovincial travel ban April 16. Officials have ordered garment manufacturing employees who have recently returned from their hometowns to self-quarantine for two weeks before resuming work. Casinos and all public and private schools remain suspended until further notice. The government could expand its response in the coming weeks, particularly if COVID-19 activity increases in-country.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Postpone travel if affected by travel restrictions. Confirm flight status before checking out of accommodation and departing for the airport. Follow all official immigration and health screening instructions, particularly if traveling from affected locations. Allow additional time for immigration and health screenings at all ports of entry. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int