Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities update state of emergency measures April 20 as part of efforts to halt the spread of COVID-19.

This alert affects Burkina Faso

This alert began 21 Apr 2020 10:22 GMT and is scheduled to expire 30 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Date: April 20
  • Impact: Travel and business disruptions

Summary
Authorities in Burkina Faso updated measures in place as part of the existing state of health emergency, April 20. A nationwide curfew will now run 2100-0400. The curfew had run from 1900-0500. Further additions include the obligatory use of face masks nationwide, effective April 27. Other provisions of the state of health emergency include:

  • All cities and townships where a case has tested positive for COVID-19 case to be placed under a 14-day quarantine, with entry into or exit from such locations strictly prohibited. Cargo and humanitarian transport are exempt. Locations under quarantine include Ouagadougou, Bobo-Dioulasso, Boromo, Hounde, Dedougou, Banfora, Manga, and Zorgho.
  • The country's primary airports in Ouagadougou (OUA) and Bobo-Dioulasso (BOY) remain closed to international civilian passenger flights. Land borders and international rail services have been suspended since March 21. The transport of essential cargo is unhindered but likely subject to delays.


Amendments to the restrictions are likely in the coming days.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organisation (WHO): www.who.int

Ministry of Health (French): https://www.sante.gov.bf