Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Bolivia imposes extends nationwide quarantine measures until April 30 due to spread of COVID-19. Heed the instructions of local authorities.

This alert affects Bolivia

This alert began 15 Apr 2020 01:07 GMT and is scheduled to expire 30 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 30
  • Impact: Transport and commercial disruptions, increased police presence

Summary
Bolivian authorities extended the current quarantine measures nationwide through at least April 30 to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Under regulations, only one person per household will be allowed to leave home one day a week 0700-1200, to purchase groceries and other supplies. The individual must be between 18-65 years old. The day is determined by the last digit of the individual's Bolivian ID or passport, as follows:

  • Monday: Last digit is 1 or 2
  • Tuesday: Last digit is 3 or 4
  • Wednesday: Last digit is 5 or 6
  • Thursday: Last digit is 7 or 8
  • Friday: Last digit is 9 or 0


No one will be allowed to leave their homes on Saturdays and Sundays. Public and private transport will remain suspended; transportation of essential goods, as well as for health and security services, will operate normally. Persons who do not adhere to these regulations will be fined or arrested.

Additionally, Bolivia's land borders remain closed to all non-resident foreign nationals; cargo transport is allowed. All international passenger flights remain suspended, and passenger vehicles prohibited from inter-departmental road travel. The government could expand or extend any of the restrictions currently in place, or implement new measures to slow the spread of COVID-19, with little-to-no advance notice.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by Bolivian government are similar to actions adopted by other governments globally in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organisation (WHO): www.who.int