Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Benin extend coronavirus-related restrictions indefinitely. Quarantine cordons eased from May 10. Severe disruptions likely.

This alert affects Benin

This alert began 07 May 2020 14:45 GMT and is scheduled to expire 15 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinitely
  • Impact: Severe travel and commercial disruptions

Authorities in Benin have extended the nation's existing restrictions and social distancing measures indefinitely from May 6, as part of efforts to control the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). So-called "public health cordons" around certain at-risk municipalities in the nation's south will be lifted May 10. Affected municipalities include Cotonou, Abomey-Calavi, Allada, Ouidah, Tori-Bossito, Kpomasse, Toffo, Ze, So-Ava, Aguegues, Seme-Podji, Porto-Novo, Akpro-Misserete, Adjara, and Atchoukpa.

Education and academic activities will resume in primary and secondary schools, as well as universities May 11. University lectures will be delivered online. Nurseries (kindergarten) and daycare centers will remain closed at least through September.

These updates are in addition to other restrictions that remain in place, such as a ban on inter-regional travel. Local public transport services must adhere to social distancing measures; all residents must wear protective face masks and maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) of social distance. Air, ground, and maritime travel in and out of Benin is heavily restricted and the quarantine of persons suspected of being infected with COVID-19 remains in place. Some commercial flights are ongoing and travel across overland borders is limited to essential movement and freight. Maritime services face similar restrictions.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government have evolved in recent weeks as authorities assess the impact of COVID-19 across the country. The resumption of education activities could point to possible recovery in the country. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV2-virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

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