Severity: Critical Alert

Transportation: Officials in Arizona, US, order travelers from several states to self-quarantine for 14 days, until April 30. Other restrictions in place.

The locations affected by this alert are:

  • Phoenix, Arizona
  • Tucson, Arizona
  • Flagstaff, Arizona
  • Lake Havasu City, Arizona
  • Yuma, Arizona
  • Bullhead City, Arizona
  • Prescott, Arizona
  • Show Low, Arizona
  • Fort Huachuca,Arizona
  • Mesa, Arizona
  • Sedona, Arizona

This alert began 08 Apr 2020 12:09 GMT and is scheduled to expire 30 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Arizona (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 30
  • Impact: Movement and travel restrictions, significant transport and business disruptions

Summary
Arizona Governor Doug Ducey issued an order requiring travelers arriving by air from several US states to self-quarantine for 14 days since time of arrival in Arizona. The order is in place through at least April 30, as part of the state's efforts to curb the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Starting 0001 April 9, the order will apply to any person arriving at an airport in Arizona from the states of New York, New Jersey, or Connecticut. Additional states and cities are likely to be added to the order in the coming days, depending on the spread of COVID-19 in other areas of the US. The measure does not apply to airlines' employees, military personnel or people arriving to participate in the response to COVID-19.

Orders requiring residents to stay at home, except to perform essential tasks, and nonessential businesses to close, remain in place until at least April 30. The orders stipulate that residents may leave their homes only to obtain basic goods, attend to medical issues, care for a person in need, perform or access essential government services, work at an essential business, or engage in essential travel. People may also participate in outdoor recreational activities, provided they comply with social distancing requirement of at least 2 meters (6 feet) between individuals. Officials have also urged the population to limit the use of public transportation to the extent possible. Among the businesses and services that will remain open are those in healthcare, essential infrastructure, food, government, media, and financial institutions. Other businesses can continue to operate with employees working from home.

Significant transport and business disruptions are likely. Authorities will deploy additional security personnel to assist in enforcing the measures. Officials could amend the order in short notice, depending on the disease activity in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by Arizona authorities are similar to actions adopted by other governments in the US and globally in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Strictly heed the instructions of authorities. Avoid all nonessential operations in areas impacted by the measures. Confirm appointments. Remain courteous and cooperative if approached and questioned by law enforcement officers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
WHO coronavirus knowledge base: www.who.int

Governor of Arizona Stay-at-Home Order: www.azdhs.gov

Governor or Arizona - Requirements for Travelers: https://azgovernor.gov/

State of Arizona - COVID-19 Updates: https://arizonatogether.org/