Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Antigua and Barbuda maintain 24-hour curfew until April 9, with a nightly curfew 2000-0600 through April 11. Other restrictions in place.

This alert affects Antigua and Barbuda

This alert began 08 Apr 2020 12:15 GMT and is scheduled to expire 11 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 11
  • Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions, increased security

Summary
Authorities in Antigua and Barbuda will maintain their 7-day, 24-hour curfew through April 9, and a nightly 2000-0600 curfew will be imposed thereafter through at least April 11. The measure is to halt the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). All nonessential services and businesses, as well as schools, are to remain closed. All social and religious gatherings are banned. Private vehicles will be restricted to two occupants only. Wholesalers, supermarkets, and bakeries are to close ahead of the start of the nighttime curfew. Emergency, health, security, telecommunications, and sanitation services, as well as other critical government workers, are exempt from the measure. Failure to comply with the measure will result in a fine and/or imprisonment.

These internal measures are in addition to the closure of VC Bird International Airport (ANU) to all incoming commercial passenger flights since March 27. In addition, all sea vessels must arrive at Nevis Street Pier in Saint John's. All inbound pleasure crafts, passenger vessels, and ferries will be denied entry; however, cargo transport is largely unaffected but may be subject to disruptions. The flight suspension is an escalation of the temporary entry ban for all nonresident foreign nationals who have traveled in China, France, Germany, Italy, Iran, Japan, Singapore, and South Korea within 28 days of arrival. Departing flights for repatriation purposes will not be affected; however, the availability of such flights is likely to decrease over the coming days and weeks. It is unclear how long these restrictions will remain in place.

The measures in place will significantly impact business and transport in the country, with larger than usual police presence in the streets. All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice.

Background and Analysis
The measures are similar to actions taken by other governments globally in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic March 11.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int