Severity: Critical Alert
Entry/Exit: Angola extends the State of Emergency through 2359 May 10 in ongoing effort to stem the spread of COVID-19.
This alert affects Angola
This alert began 25 Apr 2020 09:30 GMT and is scheduled to expire 10 May 2020 23:59 GMT.
- Incident: Travel and movement restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Through May 10
- Impact: Travel and business disruptions
The government has extended the State of Emergency for a second time and for a further 15 days through 2359 May 10. The emergency declaration was due to expire 2359 April 25 and enacts measures to curb the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Some restrictive measures have been eased and some new measures introduced.
- Movement between provinces for commercial reasons will now be allowed, except for Luanda. Entry and exit into the capital remain restricted. All leisure movement between provinces remains banned.
- Public services will open 0800-1600 with 50 percent of the normal workforce.
- Essential public works will be allowed to continue.
- Industrial activity will resume. The exact parameters are unclear.
- Urban public transport will be allowed to operate 0500-1800 with 50 percent passenger capacity. Sport activity remains suspended; however, exercise is allowed 0500-0600 and 1700-1900.
- Face masks are compulsory on public transport and in public areas.
Other existing measures are listed below.
- The country's land, sea, and air borders are closed. The movement of essential goods, humanitarian operations, and the repatriation of foreign nationals continues.
- Education facilities remain closed and informal markets can only operate on certain days and at reduced times.
- Residents have been urged to stay at home.
The emergency declaration is likely to be extended in the coming weeks. Changes to movement restrictive measures may also be applied. The security forces are likely to remain deployed nationwide to enforce the movement restrictions. Clashes between security personnel and persons not complying with the regulations are likely.
Background and Analysis
Angola's travel restrictions and preventive measures correspond with similar actions other governments are taking globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. Angola's decision to relax some measures has likely been taken to allow some economic recovery. Should the number of COVID-19 cases increase, relaxed restrictions may be reapplied. Likewise, a continued low number of cases may result in further relaxation of restrictions.
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Avoid large public gatherings and concentrations of security personnel.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.