Severity: Warning Alert

Entry/Exit: Various travel restrictions and other preventative measures remain in force across Africa due to COVID-19 as of May 29.

The locations affected by this alert are:

  • Angola
  • Benin
  • Botswana
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Cape Verde
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Congo
  • Cote d'Ivoire
  • Djibouti
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Kenya
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Comoros
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Reunion
  • Rwanda
  • Sao Tome And Principe
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • Sudan
  • Eswatini (Swaziland)
  • Tanzania
  • Togo
  • Uganda
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Seychelles
  • St. Helena
  • South Sudan

This alert began 29 May 2020 15:45 GMT and is scheduled to expire 08 Jun 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Africa (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Significant travel, transport, and business disruptions

Summary
Governments in Africa are maintaining travel and other restrictions to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Specific measures vary by country, though as of May 29, significant restrictions include:

  • Angola: The government of Angola has replaced the country's state of emergency with a state of calamity May 26 through at least June 9 in continuing efforts to curb the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Land, sea, and air borders are closed. Interprovincial travel is allowed for commercial reasons, except for Luanda, where all entry and exit into the capital is restricted.
  • Benin: Travel restrictions and social distancing measures have been extended indefinitely. However, domestic restrictions have been eased, and some academic activities resumed May 10. Places of worship, bars, and public transport services will resume June 2. Other measures are in place indefinitely. Only essential travel is allowed at border crossings with neighboring countries. The land border with Togo is closed. Residents must wear protective masks.
  • Botswana: Lockdown measures have been lifted across Botswana since May 20. Wearing protective masks remains mandatory in public spaces nationwide. Air Botswana (BP) will resume domestic flights June 12. Precautionary travel measures, such as safe social distancing between passengers, will be in place. Health screenings before boarding flights are mandatory. International flights will remain suspended.
  • Burundi: International passenger flights at Melchior Ndadaye Airport (BJM) are suspended indefinitely. Cargo and humanitarian flights will be allowed to continue. Authorities have also imposed restrictions at land border crossings.
  • Burkina Faso: Restrictive and social distancing measures remain in place in major cities. Land and air borders are closed. Officials have also implemented a state of health emergency and a nationwide nightly curfew from 2100-0400. The use of protective masks is obligatory.
  • Cameroon: An indefinite closure of land, sea, and air borders remains in place at least through May. Cargo transport will not be affected. Internal travel has also been restricted. All individuals are required to wear protective masks in public spaces.
  • Cape Verde: The state of emergency in place on Santiago will not be extended beyond May 29; similar measures have been eased on other islands. Gradual easing measures will be introduced in the coming days. The use of protective masks is obligatory.
  • Chad: N'Djamena International Airport (NJD) is closed indefinitely to all passenger travel. A nightly 2000-0500 curfew is in place in the capital, N'Djamena, and in the Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mayo-Kebbi Ouest, and Mayo-Kebbi Est regions. Authorities have also implemented a ban on vehicles leaving or entering N'Djamena and all provincial capitals nationwide until at least June 5. Some businesses, such as market stalls, have been allowed to resume operations.
  • Central African Republic: Bangui-M'Poko International Airport (BGF) remains closed since April 1. Persons entering CAR from locations with local-transmission of COVID-19 are required to self-isolate for 14 days. Border closures with neighboring countries. Social distancing measures are being enforced in Bangui.
  • Comoros: All international flights are suspended from March 23 until further notice. Ports remain closed to traffic from affected countries. Social distancing and travel restrictions are in place.
  • Cote d'Ivoire: State of emergency measures remain in place until June 14. Quarantine measures are also in place for the Grand Abidjan region. Travel in and out of the region, excluding freight, has been banned. Restrictions, including the nationwide curfew, have been eased since May 8. Some commercial operations, including restaurants and canteens, have resumed operations. Land, air, and maritime borders are closed.
  • Djibouti: Travel and business confinement measures have been extended indefinitely since May 16. Restrictions implemented under the initial lockdown period, from March 23, will remain in place. All land, sea, and air borders remain closed except cargo and humanitarian services.
  • Democratic Republic of Congo: The state of health emergency is extended until at least June 5. Land borders, airports, and maritime ports of entry have been closed since early April. Indefinite movement restrictions are in effect in parts of Kinshasa and in North Kivu and South Kivu through early June. Inter- and intra-city movement restrictions are in force. A nighttime 2200-0500 curfew is in place in Lualaba province.
  • Equatorial Guinea: Land, sea, and air border closures are in place. Restriction of movement within the country is in effect, except for essential purposes. Travel restrictions through May 31 have been implemented throughout the mainland. Authorities are requiring residents to wear protective masks when in public.
  • Eritrea: An indefinitely stay-at-home order remains in place. All international commercial passenger flights remain suspended until further notice. Other COVID-19 measures have been extended indefinitely.
  • eSwatini (Swaziland): The country's state of emergency has been extended through at least June 19. As part of the extension, businesses in the manufacturing and production sectors will resume operations under conditions detailed by the state. Nonessential business operations, such as retail clothing stores, will operate three days a week. Public transportation services are permitted to only transport 70 percent of their passenger capacity.
  • Ethiopia: A five-month state of emergency, enacted April 8, is currently in place. As of May 27, all residents are required to wear a protective mask in a public place. All international land borders have been closed since March 2, with regional states suspending incoming and outgoing public transportation.
  • Gabon: The nationwide state of emergency was lifted May 11; however, authorities have confirmed that several existing restrictions will remain in place. Travel restrictions within the Grande Libreville area have been lifted; however, travel outside Libreville and inland Gabon remains restricted. A nightly 1800-0600 curfew is in force. Land, air, and sea borders remain closed except for the cases of repatriation, freight, and the transport of food, oil, and gas.
  • Gambia: Land, maritime, and air borders remain closed. Schools, universities, public gatherings, and open markets are closed at least through early June.
  • Ghana: Restrictions will remain in place at least through May 31. Domestic flights resumed May 1. International flights are suspended. Precautionary travel measures, such as health screenings before boarding flights, and safe social distancing between passengers, will be in place.
  • Guinea: Border closures and the suspension of all international travel is in effect through mid-June.
  • Guinea-Bissau: A state of emergency is in place at least through June 10. National borders have been reopened May 27. Domestic restrictions remain in place and only essential services, such as food and medical supply, are operating.
  • Kenya: A curfew is in place in Nairobi, Kilifi, Kwale, Mombasa, and Mandera counties through June 6. All international flights are suspended until further notice, though some repatriation flights are ongoing. Authorities are prohibiting travelers arriving from any country with reported cases of COVID-19 from entering Kenya. An indefinite nationwide 1900-0500 curfew is in place.
  • Lesotho: Authorities have continued the easing of some restrictive measures related to COVID-19 as of May 22. Authorities have allowed all businesses, public services, and state companies to resume daily business operations from May 5. Schools and universities are also included in this directive, as long as they comply with the mandatory wearing of protective masks, sanitation, and social distancing measures. Restrictions on gatherings of more than 50 people remain in place. Public transport is only permitted to operate 0600-1900.
  • Liberia: Nationwide restrictions extended through at least early June. A 1800-0600 curfew remains in place. All counties will be quarantined with citizens permitted to leave their houses to obtain essential services. Corridors between counties will be opened to allow for the distribution of food aid while observing social distancing measures and the wearing of protective masks. Churches and mosques will be permitted to host prayer programs, operating at 25 percent capacity. The movement of essential staff and products is permitted.
  • Madagascar: The country's state of health emergency has been extended until at least June 2 to curb the spread of COVID-19. Restrictions include the suspension of air traffic until further notice and the mandatory wearing of protective masks in public. Movement restrictions are lifted 0600-1300 daily until further notice.
  • Mali: Social distancing measures and public sanitary measures, such as the wearing of protective masks, are in place. Commercial international flights remain banned. Land borders are closed to passenger travel.
  • Malawi: All international flights have been suspended. Enhanced screening measures are in place for all travelers. Land borders are reportedly open; however, delays at crossings are likely due to enhanced screening measures.
  • Mauritania: A suspension of international flights remains in place. A nightly curfew is enforced from 2300-0600. Travel in and out of Kiffa and Nouakchott is restricted due to the detection of cases in these cities. Movement restrictions are in effect through at least late May.
  • Mauritius: A nationwide 2000-0800 nightly curfew has been extended through June 1. Authorities have also announced the easing of restrictions on bakeries, hardware stores, and fish markets as of May 15. The restrictions put in place have suspended activities of nonessential businesses and services, internal travel, cruise ships from disembarking, and all international commercial inbound and outbound flights indefinitely.
  • Mayotte: A nightly 2000-0500 curfew is in place. Mayotte Dzaoudzi-Pamandzi International Airport (DZA) is closed to commercial air traffic. Travel certificates are to be completed before entry to French Overseas Territories, including Mayotte; this document is available on the French Ministry of Interior website.
  • Mozambique: A state of emergency is in place until June 30. The measure limits the movement of persons and goods. International passenger flights suspended. There are restrictions on passenger transit at land, air, or maritime ports of entry, with certain exceptions, including freight transport. There is a mandatory quarantine for all persons who have traveled abroad. Visa issuance has been suspended.
  • Namibia: The easing of travel and movement restrictions began May 5. The country will move to Level 3 restrictions June 1. Walvis Bay local authority area is under Stage 1 restrictions until 2359 June 8. Domestic air travel and intercity travel is allowed without restriction but in adherence to social distancing protocols. International commercial flights remain suspended. Land border crossings are closed.
  • Niger: A nightly curfew in Niamey was lifted May 13. Other measures remain in place, including air and land border closures, except cargo, aid, and military essentials. Travel to and from Niamey is currently restricted. All international passenger flights are suspended through late May.
  • Nigeria: All land borders remain closed to passenger traffic. All international airports remain closed except for repatriation flights. Authorities have relaxed travel and movement restrictions for Lagos, Abuja, and Ogun State since May 4. A nationwide lockdown came into effect May 4. State governors have taken similar restrictions.
  • Republic of Congo: State of emergency extended through May 31 to curb the spread of COVID-19. An indefinite 2000-0500 nightly curfew is in place.
  • Reunion: The relaxing of restrictions began in Reunion May 11. Smaller businesses have resumed operations. Nonessential regional and international travel has been banned since March 20. Travelers from France and Mayotte must undergo a 14-day mandatory self-quarantine. Regional flights remain suspended.
  • Rwanda: Some restrictions have been lifted since May 4. Some of the eased measures include movement of people within their local provinces, reopening of hotels and restaurants, and allowing public and private modes of transportation. All residents are required to wear a protective mask in public places. All flights to and from Kigali International Airport (KGL) are indefinitely suspended.
  • Saint Helena: Only residents, holders of long term entry permits, and sponsored Technical Cooperation Officers, contractors, and travelers to Ascension will be permitted to enter. All arrivals are subject to a compulsory 14-day quarantine.
  • Sao Tome and Principe: Authorities have extended an ongoing state of emergency, as part of efforts to stem the spread of COVID-19 through at least May 31.
  • Senegal: Authorities have suspended international and regional flights from March 20. Cruise ships will not be allowed to enter Senegalese waters. Travel and movement restrictions, including a 2100-0500 curfew, are also in place.
  • Seychelles: Phased relaxation of restrictions started May 4. Much of the business and retail sector, the postal service, tourism, schools, and indoor religious services will begin to reopen. Shops, retail, and wholesale outlets will be required to close 2000-0600. Domestic land, sea, and air transport will also resume. Additional relaxation in restrictions is scheduled from June 1.
  • Sierra Leone: Restrictive measures, including a nationwide 2100-0600 nightly curfew, remain in effect following the expiration of a state of emergency.
  • Somalia: An indefinite 2000-0500 curfew in place in Mogadishu. International flights are canceled in Mogadishu until further notice. Authorities in Somaliland are implementing separate measures. Land and sea borders are closed.
  • South Africa: Level 4 restrictions expire May 31; Level 3 restrictions in place through at least end-June. Nonessential movement restrictions in place. Domestic business travel permitted. Regional and international flights remain suspended. Land border crossings remain closed to commercial passenger traffic.
  • South Sudan: All domestic and international commercial flights have resumed as of May 13. A nationwide 2000-0600 curfew is in place. Inter-state movement is banned until further notice.
  • Sudan: Lockdown measures in Khartoum State have been extended through June 1. The government has also enacted a state of emergency; all land, air, and sea borders remain closed. A nationwide curfew is in effect from 1800-0600. Interstate and intercity travel has been banned.
  • Tanzania: All international commercial flights and cross-border transportation have resumed as of May 19. Under the new measures, all travelers arriving at all airports will be required to undergo enhanced screening for COVID-19 upon arrival.
  • Togo: Officials have declared a three-month state of emergency. Measures include travel restrictions nationwide, a 2000-0600 curfew, the closure of all land borders, and movement restriction orders in large cities.
  • Uganda: Restrictive measures are in place nationwide through June 2. A nationwide 1900-0630 curfew is in place. Shops, hotels, and restaurants have reopened, but must strictly comply with special public health mandates, including social distancing guidelines and requirements on the use of protective face coverings. Residents are also now allowed to use their personal vehicles without special permits. Air, land, and maritime ports of entry remain closed.
  • Zambia: Kenneth Kaunda International Airport (LUN) in Lusaka will remain open while Ndola (NLA), Livingstone (LVA), and Mfuwe (MFU) airports are closed. The border with Tanzania at Nakonde, and the crossing with DRC at Kasumbalesa, have been reopened. Mandatory 14-day quarantine at a government health facility for all persons entering Zambia.
  • Zimbabwe: Nationwide movement restrictions are in place indefinitely. Stay-at-home measures, limitations on internal movement, and nonessential business closures are in place. Formal sector employees can work 0800-1500. Air and land borders remain closed.


All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice in the coming weeks. The movement of cargo across international borders and within impacted countries is continuing largely unhindered.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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