Severity: Warning Alert

Health: Additional countries in Sub-Saharan Africa report COVID-19 cases during 2020. Maintain basic health precautions.

 

  • Alert Begins: 31 Jul 2020 08:03 AM UTC
  • Alert Expires: 01 Oct 2020 11:59 PM UTC
  • Incident: Cases of coronavirus disease, local transmission
  • Location(s): Sub-Saharan Africa (map)
  • Period: February-July 2020

Summary
Several countries in Sub-Saharan Africa report imported cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), some with human-to-human community transmission. Some countries provide more detailed location information than others. The following countries have identified COVID-19 cases as of July 31:

Countries reporting community transmission:

 

  • South Africa: 471,123 cases

 

  • Nigeria: 41,804 cases

 

  • Ghana: 34,406 cases

 

  • Kenya: 19,125 cases

 

  • Ethiopia: 15,810 cases

 

  • Cameroon: 17,255 cases

 

  • Cote d'Ivoire: 15,713 cases

 

  • Sudan: 11,496 cases

 

  • Madagascar: 10,317 cases

 

  • Senegal: 9,961 cases

 

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo: 8,930 cases

 

  • Gabon: 7,352 cases

 

  • Guinea: 7,183 cases

 

  • Mauritania: 6,272 cases

 

  • Zambia: 5,241 cases

 

  • Central African Republic: 4,605 cases

 

  • Malawi: 3,858 cases

 

  • Somalia: 3,212 cases

 

  • Republic of Congo: 3,200 cases

 

  • Mayotte: 2,905 cases

 

  • Zimbabwe: 2,879 cases

 

  • Eswatini: 2,551 cases

 

  • Mali: 2,521 cases

 

  • Cape Verde: 2,373 cases

 

  • Equatorial Guinea: 2,350 cases

 

  • South Sudan: 2,322 cases

 

  • Guinea-Bissau: 1,981 cases

 

  • Rwanda: 1,963 cases

 

  • Namibia: 1,986 cases

 

  • Benin: 1,805 cases

 

  • Sierra Leone: 1,803 cases

 

  • Mozambique: 1,748 cases

 

  • Liberia: 1,179 cases

 

  • Uganda: 1,135 cases

 

  • Niger: 1,134 cases

 

  • Burkina Faso: 1,106 cases

 

  • Angola: 1,078 cases

 

  • Chad: 926 cases

 

  • Togo: 896 cases

 

  • Sao Tome and Principe: 868 cases

 

  • Botswana: 804 cases

 

  • Reunion: 657 cases

 

  • Tanzania: 509 cases

 

  • Burundi: 378 cases

 

  • Comoros: 378 cases

 

  • Mauritius: 344 cases

 

  • Gambia: 326 cases

 

  • Eritrea: 265 cases

 


Countries where community transmission has not been determined:
 

 

  • Lesotho: 576 cases

 

  • Seychelles: 114 cases

 

 

Background and Analysis
Officials may add additional cases and locations to this list at any time as disease surveillance and testing continues. The US CDC maintains a "Warning-Level 3" travel health notice due to global COVID-19 transmission. This is the highest warning level and indicates that authorities recommend avoiding nonessential travel. It is recommended that travelers avoid any contact with ill individuals and frequently wash their hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are unavailable, alcohol-based hand sanitizer (minimum 60 percent alcohol) should be used. Following international travel, all travelers should stay home for 14 days after returning home, monitor their health, practice social distancing, and avoid interaction with ill individuals.

Older individuals, infants, and those with chronic illness are more susceptible to infection and are at increased risk for severe complications. Human-to-human transmission is occurring, though it remains unclear how easily the virus spreads between people.

COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions.

Advice
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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