Severity: Warning Alert

Health: Additional countries in Sub-Saharan Africa report COVID-19 cases during 2020. Maintain basic health precautions.

  • Alert Begins: 08 Jul 2020 02:10 PM UTC
  • Alert Expires: 08 Sep 2020 11:59 PM UTC
  • Incident: Cases of coronavirus disease, local transmission
  • Location(s): Sub-Saharan Africa (map)
  • Period: February-July 2020

Summary
Several countries in Sub-Saharan Africa report imported cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), some with human-to-human community transmission. Some countries provide more detailed location information than others. The following countries have identified COVID-19 cases as of July 8:

Countries reporting community transmission:

 

  • South Africa: 215,855 cases

 

  • Nigeria: 29,789 cases

 

  • Ghana: 20,085 cases

 

  • Cameroon: 14,524 cases

 

  • Cote d'Ivoire: 10,966 cases

 

  • Sudan: 9,894 cases

 

  • Kenya: 8,067 cases

 

  • Senegal: 7,478 cases

 

  • Ethiopia: 6,666 cases

 

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo: 6,026 cases

 

  • Gabon: 5,743 cases

 

  • Guinea: 5,610 cases

 

  • Mauritania: 4,879 cases

 

  • Madagascar: 3,250 cases

 

  • Central African Republic: 3,051 cases

 

  • Somalia: 3,006 cases

 

  • Mayotte: 2,679 cases

 

  • Mali: 2,331 cases

 

  • South Sudan: 2,098 cases

 

  • Malawi: 1,818 cases

 

  • Guinea-Bissau: 1,790 cases

 

  • Zambia: 1,632 cases

 

  • Republic of Congo: 1,557 cases

 

  • Sierra Leone: 1,547 cases

 

  • Cape Verde: 1,463 cases

 

  • Benin: 1,199 cases

 

  • Rwanda: 1,113 cases

 

  • Niger: 1,093 cases

 

  • Equatorial Guinea: 1,043 cases

 

  • Burkina Faso: 1,000 cases

 

  • Eswatini: 1,011 cases

 

  • Mozambique: 1,012 cases

 

  • Uganda: 953 cases

 

  • Liberia: 891 cases

 

  • Chad: 872 cases

 

  • Zimbabwe: 734 cases

 

  • Togo: 680 cases

 

  • Reunion: 550 cases

 

  • Tanzania: 509 cases

 

  • Namibia: 485 cases

 

  • Sao Tome and Principe: 401 cases

 

  • Angola: 353 cases

 

  • Mauritius: 342 cases

 

  • Botswana: 314 cases

 

  • Comoros: 311 cases

 

  • Eritrea: 215 cases

 

  • Burundi: 191 cases

 

  • Gambia: 61 cases

 


Countries where community transmission has not been determined:
 

 

  • Lesotho: 91 cases

 

  • Seychelles: 81 cases

 

 

Background and Analysis
Officials may add additional cases and locations to this list at any time as disease surveillance and testing continues. The US CDC maintains a "Warning-Level 3" travel health notice due to global COVID-19 transmission. This is the highest warning level and indicates that authorities recommend avoiding nonessential travel. It is recommended that travelers avoid any contact with ill individuals and frequently wash their hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are unavailable, alcohol-based hand sanitizer (minimum 60 percent alcohol) should be used. Following international travel, all travelers should stay home for 14 days after returning home, monitor their health, practice social distancing, and avoid interaction with ill individuals.

Older individuals, infants, and those with chronic illness are more susceptible to infection and are at increased risk for severe complications. Human-to-human transmission is occurring, though it remains unclear how easily the virus spreads between people.

COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions.

Advice
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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